A review of structural brain abnormalities in Pallister-Killian syndrome

Cathryn Poulton, Gareth Baynam, Clarissa Yates, Hamid Alinejad-Rokny, Simon Williams, Helen Wright, Karen J. Woodward, Soruba Sivamoorthy, Joanne Peverall, Peter Shipman, David Ravine, John Beilby, Julian Ik-Tsen Heng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background

Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare multisystem developmental syndrome usually caused by mosaic tetrasomy of chromosome 12p that is known to be associated with neurological defects.

Methods

We describe two patients with PKS, one of whom has bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria (PMG), the other with macrocephaly, enlarged lateral ventricles and hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. We have also summarized the current literature describing brain abnormalities in PKS.

Results

We reviewed available cases with intracranial scans (n=93) and found a strong association between PKS and structural brain abnormalities (77.41%; 72/93). Notably, ventricular abnormalities (45.83%; 33/72), abnormalities of the corpus callosum (25.00%; 18/72) and cerebral atrophy (29.17%; 21/72) were the most frequently reported, while macrocephaly (12.5%; 9/72) and PMG (4.17%; 3/72) were less frequent. To further understand how 12p genes might be relevant to brain development, we identified 63 genes which are enriched in the nervous system. These genes display distinct temporal as well as region-specific expression in the brain, suggesting specific roles in neurodevelopment and disease. Finally, we utilized these data to define minimal critical regions on 12p and their constituent genes associated with atrophy, abnormalities of the corpus callosum, and macrocephaly in PKS.

Conclusion

Our study reinforces the association between brain abnormalities and PKS, and documents a diverse neurogenetic basis for structural brain abnormalities and impaired function in children diagnosed with this rare disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular genetics & genomic medicine
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Cite this

@article{a1df9fe66eb84b258a083369d633c320,
title = "A review of structural brain abnormalities in Pallister-Killian syndrome",
abstract = "BackgroundPallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare multisystem developmental syndrome usually caused by mosaic tetrasomy of chromosome 12p that is known to be associated with neurological defects.MethodsWe describe two patients with PKS, one of whom has bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria (PMG), the other with macrocephaly, enlarged lateral ventricles and hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. We have also summarized the current literature describing brain abnormalities in PKS.ResultsWe reviewed available cases with intracranial scans (n=93) and found a strong association between PKS and structural brain abnormalities (77.41{\%}; 72/93). Notably, ventricular abnormalities (45.83{\%}; 33/72), abnormalities of the corpus callosum (25.00{\%}; 18/72) and cerebral atrophy (29.17{\%}; 21/72) were the most frequently reported, while macrocephaly (12.5{\%}; 9/72) and PMG (4.17{\%}; 3/72) were less frequent. To further understand how 12p genes might be relevant to brain development, we identified 63 genes which are enriched in the nervous system. These genes display distinct temporal as well as region-specific expression in the brain, suggesting specific roles in neurodevelopment and disease. Finally, we utilized these data to define minimal critical regions on 12p and their constituent genes associated with atrophy, abnormalities of the corpus callosum, and macrocephaly in PKS.ConclusionOur study reinforces the association between brain abnormalities and PKS, and documents a diverse neurogenetic basis for structural brain abnormalities and impaired function in children diagnosed with this rare disorder.",
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author = "Cathryn Poulton and Gareth Baynam and Clarissa Yates and Hamid Alinejad-Rokny and Simon Williams and Helen Wright and Woodward, {Karen J.} and Soruba Sivamoorthy and Joanne Peverall and Peter Shipman and David Ravine and John Beilby and Heng, {Julian Ik-Tsen}",
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A review of structural brain abnormalities in Pallister-Killian syndrome. / Poulton, Cathryn; Baynam, Gareth; Yates, Clarissa; Alinejad-Rokny, Hamid; Williams, Simon; Wright, Helen; Woodward, Karen J.; Sivamoorthy, Soruba; Peverall, Joanne; Shipman, Peter; Ravine, David; Beilby, John; Heng, Julian Ik-Tsen.

In: Molecular genetics & genomic medicine, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 92-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of structural brain abnormalities in Pallister-Killian syndrome

AU - Poulton, Cathryn

AU - Baynam, Gareth

AU - Yates, Clarissa

AU - Alinejad-Rokny, Hamid

AU - Williams, Simon

AU - Wright, Helen

AU - Woodward, Karen J.

AU - Sivamoorthy, Soruba

AU - Peverall, Joanne

AU - Shipman, Peter

AU - Ravine, David

AU - Beilby, John

AU - Heng, Julian Ik-Tsen

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - BackgroundPallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare multisystem developmental syndrome usually caused by mosaic tetrasomy of chromosome 12p that is known to be associated with neurological defects.MethodsWe describe two patients with PKS, one of whom has bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria (PMG), the other with macrocephaly, enlarged lateral ventricles and hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. We have also summarized the current literature describing brain abnormalities in PKS.ResultsWe reviewed available cases with intracranial scans (n=93) and found a strong association between PKS and structural brain abnormalities (77.41%; 72/93). Notably, ventricular abnormalities (45.83%; 33/72), abnormalities of the corpus callosum (25.00%; 18/72) and cerebral atrophy (29.17%; 21/72) were the most frequently reported, while macrocephaly (12.5%; 9/72) and PMG (4.17%; 3/72) were less frequent. To further understand how 12p genes might be relevant to brain development, we identified 63 genes which are enriched in the nervous system. These genes display distinct temporal as well as region-specific expression in the brain, suggesting specific roles in neurodevelopment and disease. Finally, we utilized these data to define minimal critical regions on 12p and their constituent genes associated with atrophy, abnormalities of the corpus callosum, and macrocephaly in PKS.ConclusionOur study reinforces the association between brain abnormalities and PKS, and documents a diverse neurogenetic basis for structural brain abnormalities and impaired function in children diagnosed with this rare disorder.

AB - BackgroundPallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare multisystem developmental syndrome usually caused by mosaic tetrasomy of chromosome 12p that is known to be associated with neurological defects.MethodsWe describe two patients with PKS, one of whom has bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria (PMG), the other with macrocephaly, enlarged lateral ventricles and hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. We have also summarized the current literature describing brain abnormalities in PKS.ResultsWe reviewed available cases with intracranial scans (n=93) and found a strong association between PKS and structural brain abnormalities (77.41%; 72/93). Notably, ventricular abnormalities (45.83%; 33/72), abnormalities of the corpus callosum (25.00%; 18/72) and cerebral atrophy (29.17%; 21/72) were the most frequently reported, while macrocephaly (12.5%; 9/72) and PMG (4.17%; 3/72) were less frequent. To further understand how 12p genes might be relevant to brain development, we identified 63 genes which are enriched in the nervous system. These genes display distinct temporal as well as region-specific expression in the brain, suggesting specific roles in neurodevelopment and disease. Finally, we utilized these data to define minimal critical regions on 12p and their constituent genes associated with atrophy, abnormalities of the corpus callosum, and macrocephaly in PKS.ConclusionOur study reinforces the association between brain abnormalities and PKS, and documents a diverse neurogenetic basis for structural brain abnormalities and impaired function in children diagnosed with this rare disorder.

KW - corpus callosum

KW - Pallister-Killian syndrome

KW - polymicrogyria

KW - structural brain disorder

KW - CORPUS-CALLOSUM

KW - POLYMICROGYRIA

KW - MUTATIONS

KW - C12ORF57

KW - LOCI

U2 - 10.1002/mgg3.351

DO - 10.1002/mgg3.351

M3 - Article

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SP - 92

EP - 98

JO - Molecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine

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SN - 2324-9269

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ER -