A review of pediatric fasting guidelines and strategies to help children manage preoperative fasting

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fasting for surgery is a routine step in the preoperative preparation for surgery. There have however been increasing concerns with regard to the high incidence of prolonged fasting in children, and the subsequent psycho-social distress and physiological consequences that this poses. Additionally, the past few years have yielded new research that has shown significant inter-individual variation in gastric emptying regardless of the length of the fast, with some patients still having residual gastric contents even after prolonged fasts. Additionally, multiple large-scale studies have shown no long-term sequalae from clear fluid aspiration, although two deaths from aspiration have been reported within the large Wake Up Safe cohort. This has led to a change in the recommended clear fluid fasting times in multiple international pediatric societies; similarly, many societies continue to recommend traditional fasting times. Multiple fasting strategies exist in the literature, though these have mostly been studied and implemented in the adult population. This review hopes to summarize the recent updates in fasting guidelines, discuss the issues surrounding prolonged fasting, and explore potential tolerance strategies for children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1019
Number of pages8
JournalPaediatric Anaesthesia
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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