A Review of Generative Models in Generating Synthetic Attack Data for Cybersecurity

G Agrawal, A Kaur, S Myneni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The ability of deep learning to process vast data and uncover concealed malicious patterns has spurred the adoption of deep learning methods within the cybersecurity domain. Nonetheless, a notable hurdle confronting cybersecurity researchers today is the acquisition of a sufficiently large dataset to effectively train deep learning models. Privacy and security concerns associated with using real-world organization data have made cybersecurity researchers seek alternative strategies, notably focusing on generating synthetic data. Generative adversarial networks (GANs) have emerged as a prominent solution, lauded for their capacity to generate synthetic data spanning diverse domains. Despite their widespread use, the efficacy of GANs in generating realistic cyberattack data remains a subject requiring thorough investigation. Moreover, the proficiency of deep learning models trained on such synthetic data to accurately discern real-world attacks and anomalies poses an additional challenge that demands exploration. This paper delves into the essential aspects of generative learning, scrutinizing their data generation capabilities, and conducts a comprehensive review to address the above questions. Through this exploration, we aim to shed light on the potential of synthetic data in fortifying deep learning models for robust cybersecurity applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number322
Number of pages31
Issue number2
Early online date11 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


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