A reference genome for pea provides insight into legume genome evolution

Jonathan Kreplak, Mohammed Amin Madoui, Petr Cápal, Petr Novák, Karine Labadie, Grégoire Aubert, Philipp E. Bayer, Krishna K. Gali, Robert A. Syme, Dorrie Main, Anthony Klein, Aurélie Bérard, Iva Vrbová, Cyril Fournier, Leo d’Agata, Caroline Belser, Wahiba Berrabah, Helena Toegelová, Zbyněk Milec, Jan VránaHuey Tyng Lee, Ayité Kougbeadjo, Morgane Térézol, Cécile Huneau, Chala J. Turo, Nacer Mohellibi, Pavel Neumann, Matthieu Falque, Karine Gallardo, Rebecca McGee, Bunyamin Tar’an, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Jean Marc Aury, Jacqueline Batley, Marie Christine Le Paslier, Noel Ellis, Thomas D. Warkentin, Clarice J. Coyne, Jérome Salse, David Edwards, Judith Lichtenzveig, Jiří Macas, Jaroslav Doležel, Patrick Wincker, Judith Burstin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

260 Citations (Scopus)


We report the first annotated chromosome-level reference genome assembly for pea, Gregor Mendel’s original genetic model. Phylogenetics and paleogenomics show genomic rearrangements across legumes and suggest a major role for repetitive elements in pea genome evolution. Compared to other sequenced Leguminosae genomes, the pea genome shows intense gene dynamics, most likely associated with genome size expansion when the Fabeae diverged from its sister tribes. During Pisum evolution, translocation and transposition differentially occurred across lineages. This reference sequence will accelerate our understanding of the molecular basis of agronomically important traits and support crop improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1411-1422
Number of pages12
JournalNature Genetics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2019


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