A randomized controlled trial examining combinations of repaglinide, metformin and NPH insulin

M.J. Davies, P.K. Thaware, J.R. Tringham, J. Howe, J. Jarvis, V. Johnston, D.L. Kitchener, Timothy Skinner, P.G. Mcnally, I.G. Lawrence

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    12 Citations (Scopus)


    Aims To compare combination use of repaglinide, metformin and bedtime Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin with conventional approaches of insulin initiation in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM).Methods Eighty-two patients with T2DM with suboptimal glycaemic control on oral glucose-lowering agents were randomized to one of three treatment regimens for 4 months. Group 1 received metformin and twice daily biphasic 30/70 human insulin mixture (n = 27), group 2 metformin and bedtime NPH insulin (n = 26) and group 3 metformin, bedtime NPH insulin and mealtime repaglinide (n = 25).Results Seventy-five patients completed the study. Baseline and end-point mean HbA(1c) levels fell from 9.0 +/- 1.1 to 7.9 +/- 1.1% in group 1, 10.0 +/- 2.2 to 9.2 +/- 1.4% group 2 and 10.0 +/- 1.7 to 8.1 +/- 1.5% in group 3, respectively. All groups showed improvements in HbA(1c). There was no significant difference between groups in the proportions of patients experiencing hypoglycaemia (29.6, 25.0 and 16.7%, respectively; P = 0.55) or in mean weight gain (2.9, 0.7 and 2.2 kg, respectively; P = 0.06). By 4 months, insulin doses were 0.63 +/- 0.32 IU/kg in group 1, 0.58 +/- 0.21 IU/kg in group 2 and 0.37 +/- 0.22 IU/kg in group 3 (group 3 vs. groups 1 and 2: P < 0.002).Conclusions The approach using repaglinide, metformin and NPH insulin improved glycaemic control with a similar safety profile to conventional insulin initiation in T2DM and produced final glycaemic control similar to metformin and a twice daily biphasic insulin mixture.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)714-719
    JournalDiabetic Medicine
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


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