A novel translocation t(10;17)(p13;q11.2) harboring two cryptic deletions identified by array-CGH and characterized by SUZ12 overexpression in a patient with chronic thrombocytosis

Jacqueline R. Batanian, Jacques A.J. Malherbe, Wendy N. Erber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

No specific translocation is associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). However, an interstitial deletion involving subband 17q11.2 which includes the NF1 gene, although rare, is a recurrent aberration in several myeloid disorders including MPNs. For the first time, we report an acquired novel translocation involving 10p13 and 17q11.2 in a 62-year-old Caucasian female which was referred for investigation of chronic and persistent unexplained thrombocytosis. The patient had no history of hematological sequelae and genomic testing for JAK2, CALR, and MPL mutations were negative. She was subsequently diagnosed with a triple negative essential thrombocythemia. Array-CGH analysis noted that the translocation harbored two cryptic deletions, one of which involved 17q11.2 encompassing the NF1 gene. One of the junction breakpoints involved the SUZ12 gene. Immunohistochemical assessment of the marrow trephine showed increased megakaryocytic expression of the SUZ12 protein, as well as EZH2 and Ki67; biochemical abnormalities suggestive of excess megakaryocytic hyperplasia. This novel translocation may affect the expression of SUZ12 and its downstream targets, and may represent a unique pathogenomic etiology which drives chronic thrombocytosis in essential thrombocythemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-666
Number of pages6
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

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