A novel psbA mutation (Phe274-Val) confers resistance to PSII herbicides in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) is a globally important weed of crops. Two atrazine-resistant wild radish populations (R1 and R2), collected from the Western Australia grain belt, were investigated for resistance to photosystem II (PSII) herbicides. RESULTS: Sequencing of the full-length psbA gene revealed the well-known Ser264-Gly substitution in population R1, whereas population R2 displayed a novel Phe274-Val substitution. Herbicide dose-response studies confirmed that the population with the Ser264-Gly mutation exhibited high-level resistance to atrazine, but super-sensitivity to bromoxynil. Plants possessing the novel Phe274-Val mutation exhibited a modest level of resistance to atrazine, metribuzin and diuron, and were bromoxynil susceptible. Structural modelling of the mutant D1 proteins predicts that the Ser264-Gly mutation endows atrazine resistance by abolishing H-bonds, but confers bromoxynil super-sensitivity by enhancing hydrogen bonding. The Phe274-Val substitution provides resistance to atrazine and diuron by indirectly affecting H-bond formation between the Ser264 residue and the herbicides. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that the Phe274-Val mutation is likely responsible for resistance to PSII-inhibiting triazine and urea herbicides. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of the psbA Phe274-Val mutation in wild radish conferring resistance to PSII herbicides.

LanguageEnglish
Pages144-151
JournalPest Management Science
Volume75
Issue number1
Early online date23 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 May 2018

Fingerprint

Raphanus raphanistrum
atrazine
radishes
photosystem II
bromoxynil
herbicides
mutation
diuron
urea herbicides
triazine herbicides
metribuzin
D1 protein
hydrogen bonding
Western Australia
dose response
weeds
mutants
crops
genes

Cite this

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title = "A novel psbA mutation (Phe274-Val) confers resistance to PSII herbicides in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum)",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) is a globally important weed of crops. Two atrazine-resistant wild radish populations (R1 and R2), collected from the Western Australia grain belt, were investigated for resistance to photosystem II (PSII) herbicides. RESULTS: Sequencing of the full-length psbA gene revealed the well-known Ser264-Gly substitution in population R1, whereas population R2 displayed a novel Phe274-Val substitution. Herbicide dose-response studies confirmed that the population with the Ser264-Gly mutation exhibited high-level resistance to atrazine, but super-sensitivity to bromoxynil. Plants possessing the novel Phe274-Val mutation exhibited a modest level of resistance to atrazine, metribuzin and diuron, and were bromoxynil susceptible. Structural modelling of the mutant D1 proteins predicts that the Ser264-Gly mutation endows atrazine resistance by abolishing H-bonds, but confers bromoxynil super-sensitivity by enhancing hydrogen bonding. The Phe274-Val substitution provides resistance to atrazine and diuron by indirectly affecting H-bond formation between the Ser264 residue and the herbicides. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that the Phe274-Val mutation is likely responsible for resistance to PSII-inhibiting triazine and urea herbicides. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of the psbA Phe274-Val mutation in wild radish conferring resistance to PSII herbicides.",
keywords = "D1 protein, psbA gene mutation, PSII herbicide, Wild radish",
author = "Huan Lu and Qin Yu and Heping Han and Owen, {Mechelle J.} and Powles, {Stephen B.}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1002/ps.5079",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "144--151",
journal = "Pest Management Science",
issn = "1526-498X",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons",
number = "1",

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T1 - A novel psbA mutation (Phe274-Val) confers resistance to PSII herbicides in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum)

AU - Lu, Huan

AU - Yu, Qin

AU - Han, Heping

AU - Owen, Mechelle J.

AU - Powles, Stephen B.

PY - 2018/5/23

Y1 - 2018/5/23

N2 - BACKGROUND: Wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) is a globally important weed of crops. Two atrazine-resistant wild radish populations (R1 and R2), collected from the Western Australia grain belt, were investigated for resistance to photosystem II (PSII) herbicides. RESULTS: Sequencing of the full-length psbA gene revealed the well-known Ser264-Gly substitution in population R1, whereas population R2 displayed a novel Phe274-Val substitution. Herbicide dose-response studies confirmed that the population with the Ser264-Gly mutation exhibited high-level resistance to atrazine, but super-sensitivity to bromoxynil. Plants possessing the novel Phe274-Val mutation exhibited a modest level of resistance to atrazine, metribuzin and diuron, and were bromoxynil susceptible. Structural modelling of the mutant D1 proteins predicts that the Ser264-Gly mutation endows atrazine resistance by abolishing H-bonds, but confers bromoxynil super-sensitivity by enhancing hydrogen bonding. The Phe274-Val substitution provides resistance to atrazine and diuron by indirectly affecting H-bond formation between the Ser264 residue and the herbicides. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that the Phe274-Val mutation is likely responsible for resistance to PSII-inhibiting triazine and urea herbicides. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of the psbA Phe274-Val mutation in wild radish conferring resistance to PSII herbicides.

AB - BACKGROUND: Wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) is a globally important weed of crops. Two atrazine-resistant wild radish populations (R1 and R2), collected from the Western Australia grain belt, were investigated for resistance to photosystem II (PSII) herbicides. RESULTS: Sequencing of the full-length psbA gene revealed the well-known Ser264-Gly substitution in population R1, whereas population R2 displayed a novel Phe274-Val substitution. Herbicide dose-response studies confirmed that the population with the Ser264-Gly mutation exhibited high-level resistance to atrazine, but super-sensitivity to bromoxynil. Plants possessing the novel Phe274-Val mutation exhibited a modest level of resistance to atrazine, metribuzin and diuron, and were bromoxynil susceptible. Structural modelling of the mutant D1 proteins predicts that the Ser264-Gly mutation endows atrazine resistance by abolishing H-bonds, but confers bromoxynil super-sensitivity by enhancing hydrogen bonding. The Phe274-Val substitution provides resistance to atrazine and diuron by indirectly affecting H-bond formation between the Ser264 residue and the herbicides. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that the Phe274-Val mutation is likely responsible for resistance to PSII-inhibiting triazine and urea herbicides. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of the psbA Phe274-Val mutation in wild radish conferring resistance to PSII herbicides.

KW - D1 protein

KW - psbA gene mutation

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