A novel phenotype in a family with autosomal dominant retinal dystrophy due to c.1430A > G in retinoid isomerohydrolase (RPE65) and c.37C > T in bestrophin 1 (BEST1)

Juanita Pappalardo, Rachael C. Heath Jeffery, Jennifer A. Thompson, Enid Chelva, Quang Pham, Ian J. Constable, Terri L. McLaren, Tina M. Lamey, John N. De Roach, Fred K. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The c.1430A > G (Asp477Gly) variant in RPE65 has been reported in Irish and Scottish families with either an autosomal dominant retinal dystrophy (adRD) that resembles choroideremia, a vitelliform macular dystrophy or an isolated macular atrophy. We report novel features on multimodal imaging and the natural history of a family harbouring this variant in combination with the BEST1 c.37C > T (Arg13Cys) variant. Methods: Members of a family with an adRD were examined clinically to ascertain phenotype and underwent genetic testing. Multimodal imaging included widefield colour fundus photography, quantitative autofluorescence (qAF) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Electrophysiology and microperimetry were also performed. Results: Vision loss was attributed to foveal atrophy in the proband and choroidal neovascularisation and a vitello-eruptive lesion in one affected son. Peripheral retinal white dots corresponding to subretinal deposits were seen in three patients. The median qAF8 values in the proband (I:1) were low (40 and 101 in OD and OS) at age 79. Similarly, the qAF8 values for the middle son (II:2) were also low (100 and 87 in ODS and OS) at age 60. Electrophysiology showed disproportionate reduction in Arden ratio prior to the gradual loss of full-field responses. Microperimetry demonstrated an enlarging scotoma in the proband. Conclusions: The coexistence of the pathogenic BEST1 c.37C > T variant may modify clinical features observed in RPE65 adRD. This study expands our understanding of RPE65 adRD as a retinoid cycle disorder supported by the reduced qAF, fine white retinal dots and corresponding subretinal deposits on OCT in affected members.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDocumenta Ophthalmologica
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jan 2021

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