A novel multiplexed 11 locus HLA full gene amplification assay using next generation sequencing

Linh Truong, Benedict Matern, Lloyd D'Orsogna, Patricia Martinez, Marcel G.J. Tilanus, Dianne De Santis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The rapid progress of HLA typing techniques has contributed to improving the outcome of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, unambiguous HLA typing remains challenging. Next generation sequencing (NGS) has been shown to resolve the HLA typing ambiguity and simplify HLA typing workflows. The aim of this study is to develop a multiplexed full-gene PCR assay for 11 HLA loci that can be used on any NGS platform to provide additional information to the traditionally sequenced regions. The entire gene of HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, DRB1, DRB3/4/5, DQB1, DQA1, DPB1, and DPA1 were amplified in four multiplexed reactions. A DNA reference panel of 47 samples representing the most common allele groups was selected to evaluate this novel assay using the Ion Torrent sequencing platform. The specificity and sensitivity of this assay was confirmed on additional 158 samples from a local Caucasian control cohort. Full gene sequences from start to stop codons including some UTR regions were obtained for all 11 HLA loci with complete gene coverage and sufficient read-depth for 3619 alleles. The whole amplicon was analysed for HLA class I genes, while only exons were analysed for class II genes. All alleles were amplified as expected with 100% concordance at full gene resolution for HLA class I and exon resolution for HLA class II loci when compared with previously used NGS or Sanger sequencing methods. In summary, the novel multiplexed PCR approach for full-gene HLA typing enabled for a large amount of genetic information to be generated in a simple and fast workflow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-116
Number of pages13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


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