A Novel Method for the Pushout Test in Composites

Rebecca Sinclair, Robert J Young

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paperpeer-review


The indentation or pushout test is a widespread method of evaluating composite interfaces. Pushout tests have been performed on three types of α-alumina fibre embedded in epoxy resin: Nextel 610, PRD-166; and Saphikon. It has been found that all three fibres exhibit a well-defined fluorescence spectrum consisting of two approximately Lorentzian peaks; and that when compressive strain is applied, the peaks in the spectrum shift towards lower wavenumbers. The shift, measured in cm-1, is linear with respect to applied strain. The fluorescence spectra of the fibres were found to shift by approximately 8-10 cm-1 for each 1% of applied strain. This information was used to calculate the point-to-point axial strain variation in the embedded fibres. The fluorescence probe method of evaluating pushout tests is capable of producing sensitive and accurate information that is useful for understanding the stress distributions in the test.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Composite Materials
Place of PublicationParis, France
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 1999
Externally publishedYes


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