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This paper reports a synergistic design of high-performance BCC high-entropy alloy based on the combined consideration of the principles of intrinsic ductility of elements, maximum atomic size difference for solid solution strengthening and the valence electron concentration criterion for ductility. The single-phase BCC HfNbTaTiV alloy thus designed exhibited a high compressive yield strength of 1350 MPa and a high compressive ductility of >45 % at the room temperature. This represents a 50 % increase in yield strength relative to a HfNbTaTiZr alloy. This is attributed to the maximized solid solution strengthening effect caused by lattice distortion, which is estimated to be 1094 MPa. The alloy was also able to retain 53 % of its yield strength and 77 % of its ductility at 700 °C. These properties are superior to those of most refractory BCC high-entropy alloys reported in the literature.
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