A new other-race effect for gaze perception

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The well-known other-race effect in face recognition has been widely studied, both for its theoretical insights into the nature of face expertise and because of its social and forensic importance. Here we demonstrate an other-race effect for the perception of a simple visual signal provided by the eyes, namely gaze direction. In Study 1, Caucasian and Asian participants living in Australia both showed greater perceptual sensitivity to detect direct gaze in own-race than other-race faces. In Study 2, Asian (Chinese) participants living in Australia and Asian (Chinese) participants living in Hong Kong both showed this other-race effect, but Caucasian participants did not. Despite this inconsistency, meta-analysis revealed a significant other-race effect when results for all 5 participant groups from corresponding conditions in the 2 studies were combined. These results demonstrate a new other-race effect for the perception of the simple, but socially potent, cue of direct gaze. When identical morphed-race eyes were inserted into the faces, removing race-specific eye cues, no other-race effect was found (with 1 exception). Thus, the balance of evidence implicated perceptual expertise, rather than social motivation, in the other-race effect for detecting direct gaze.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1857-1863
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume43
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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Cues
Other-race Effect
Hong Kong
Meta-Analysis
Motivation
Asia
Expertise
Face Recognition
Eye Gaze
Meta-analysis
Inconsistency
Facial Recognition
Direction compound

Cite this

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title = "A new other-race effect for gaze perception",
abstract = "The well-known other-race effect in face recognition has been widely studied, both for its theoretical insights into the nature of face expertise and because of its social and forensic importance. Here we demonstrate an other-race effect for the perception of a simple visual signal provided by the eyes, namely gaze direction. In Study 1, Caucasian and Asian participants living in Australia both showed greater perceptual sensitivity to detect direct gaze in own-race than other-race faces. In Study 2, Asian (Chinese) participants living in Australia and Asian (Chinese) participants living in Hong Kong both showed this other-race effect, but Caucasian participants did not. Despite this inconsistency, meta-analysis revealed a significant other-race effect when results for all 5 participant groups from corresponding conditions in the 2 studies were combined. These results demonstrate a new other-race effect for the perception of the simple, but socially potent, cue of direct gaze. When identical morphed-race eyes were inserted into the faces, removing race-specific eye cues, no other-race effect was found (with 1 exception). Thus, the balance of evidence implicated perceptual expertise, rather than social motivation, in the other-race effect for detecting direct gaze.",
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A new other-race effect for gaze perception. / Collova, Jemma R.; Kloth, Nadine; Crookes, Kate; Burton, Nichola; Chan, Cynthia Y.H.; Hsiao, Janet H.; Rhodes, Gillian.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 43, No. 11, 01.11.2017, p. 1857-1863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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