A multi-analytical approach for the archaeometric identification of a Roman period glass furnace in the central Nile delta

Liesel Gentelli, Abdel Rahman Medhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A circular structure was excavated in a suspected industrial area of ancient Thmuis (Tell Timai), and due to heavy vitrification and discolouration of the inside walls, was suspected to be a glass furnace. The excavated furnace provides a unique example to further understand the mechanisms of primary and secondary glass manufacture in Roman Egypt. Samples were subjected to a number of archaeometric investigations in order to characterise the furnace, and identify its purpose. Following attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), we conclude that the furnace was used for glass. We propose that it is most likely that the furnace represents a small-scale, secondary glassmaking centre, shaping glass manufactured at Wadi el-Natrun, and recycling glass objects from the local area. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-337
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

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recycling
Egypt
energy
Nile Delta
Furnace
Roman Period
Energy
Spectroscopy
Vitrification
Roman Egypt
Reflectance
Glass-making
Scanning Electron Microscope
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

Cite this

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A multi-analytical approach for the archaeometric identification of a Roman period glass furnace in the central Nile delta. / Gentelli, Liesel; Medhat, Abdel Rahman.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 11, 01.02.2017, p. 330-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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