A modern era comparison of right versus left sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia outcomes

Michael Collin, S. Trinder, C. Minutillo, Shripada Rao, Jan E. Dickinson, Naeem Samnakay

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/purpose This study aims to retrospectively review outcomes, including neurodevelopmental outcomes, of neonatal right sided congenital diaphragmatic hernias (RCDH) compared with left sided congenital diaphragmatic hernias (L-CDH) treated surgically at our institute. Methods A retrospective review was undertaken of all cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated at Princess Margaret Hospital for Children (PMH), Perth, born between 1st January 2002 and 1st August 2012. The outcomes of R-CDH cases were compared with L-CDH cases. We examined duration of ventilatory support, use of patch versus primary closure, the CDH recurrence rates, the number of reoperations and neurodevelopmental follow-up at one year of age. Results Forty-nine cases of CDH were operated on at PMH during the 10-year period. Of these, ten cases were R-CDH with 39 L-CDH cases. Of 49 cases, 34 were diagnosed antenatally, 5 R-CDH versus 29 L-CDH. Only 8/39 cases of L-CDH required patch repair for larger defects, while 5/10 R-CDH required patch repair. Postoperative mortality was 6/49 (1/10 right sided versus 5/39 left sided). Recurrence was observed in 5/10 R-CDH versus 6/39 L-CDH with p = 0.03. Thirty-three of 43 surviving patients received one-year follow-up with Griffiths general quotient (GQ) assessment demonstrating a median score of 98 for L-CDH (IQR 86 to 104.25) and 91 for R-CDH (IQR 76.5 to 93). Conclusions R-CDH required patch repair more commonly than L-CDH because of larger defect size or complete agenesis. The rate of recurrent herniation was the only morbidity significantly higher in the R-CDH group. Survivors of R-CDH did not have a significant difference in neurodevelopmental outcome compared to L-CDH cases, with both groups exhibiting normal median GQ scores at one year of age. © 2016
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1409-1413
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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