A model of secondary electron imaging in the helium ion scanning microscope

R. Ramachandra, Brendan Griffin, D. Joy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)


A combination of the ‘semi-empirical’ model for secondary electron production and the TRIM routines which describe ion stopping power, scattering, and transport, has been used to construct a Monte Carlo simulation (IONiSE) that can quantitatively interpret the generation of secondary electrons (SE) from materials by fast helium ions. This approach requires that the parameters of the semi-empirical model be determined by fitting to experimental yield data but has the merit that, unlike more fundamental models, it can be applied with equal ease to both pure elements and complex compounds. The application of the model to predict the topographic yield variation of helium generated SE as a function of energy and material, and to investigate the ratio between SE generated by incident and backscattered ions, is demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-757
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'A model of secondary electron imaging in the helium ion scanning microscope'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this