Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) encompasses a group of severe inherited retinal dystrophies (IRDs) responsible for early childhood blindness. There are currently 25 genes implicated in the pathogenesis of these diseases, and identification of disease-causing variants will be required for personalised therapies. Whole exome and whole genome sequencing is informative for detecting novel disease-causing genes, whilst next-generation sequencing has excelled at detecting novel variants in known disease-causing genes. A global effort will be required to identify patient populations for early intervention. At the Australian Inherited Retinal Disease Registry and DNA Bank, we seek to identify genetic variants in individuals with IRDs in the Australian population to identify potential candidates for clinical trials, to inform clinical management of patients including reproductive options and to expand existing knowledge of IRDs. Due to the diversity of genes implicated, personalised strategies are likely to be the benchmark for treating these diseases, and a combined approach of different therapies may be optimal in treating some of these diseases.