The aim of this study is to conduct a literature review into the scope of the problem of crashes into stationary vehicles broken down or parked on the side of the road and to identify contributory factors that may lead to an increased crash risk into these stationary vehicles. A comprehensive review of national and international literature on contributory factors to crashes into stationary vehicles was undertaken. Crashes into stationary vehicles located on the shoulder of the road accounted for a relatively small proportion of crashes. However, these crashes may be fatal on high speed highways and freeways, and appear to be over-represented in fatality statistics. Stationary crashes appear to be caused by a number of human factors related to inattention and distraction, including the phenomena of “looked but failed to see”. Current recommendations for safety in emergency breakdown situations are broadly consistent across jurisdictions.
|Commissioning body||Main Roads Western Australia|
|Number of pages||31|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|