Records of drivers in all reported road crashes occurring in Western Australia between 1987 and 1995 were linked with records of all drink driving arrests in the same period. About 7% of all drink driving arrests occurred because of a road crash. Differences were observed between these drink-driving crashes and other types of road crashes. Drink driving crashes tended to be more severe than those not involving alcohol. Serious crashes (involving fatalities or hospitalisations) accounted for 20% of alcohol-related crashes, but only 6% of all crashes reported over the study period. From another perspective, crash-related drink-driving arrests were more likely than routine enforcement arrests to involve younger (18-35 years) and older (65 years and over) drink drivers. Routine enforcement arrests, on the other hand, were likely to involve a greater proportion of Aboriginal drivers. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.