A Geometric Algebra Based Higher Dimensional Approximation Method for Statics and Kinematics of Robotic Manipulators

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Evaluation of a robotic (serial or parallel) manipulator's static and kinematics performance requires the solution of closed and complicated non-closed form systems of equations for both the forward and inverse problem types. In this work, a robotic system or manipulator is represented as a network whose motion generating kinematic pairs are represented as the network's inter-connected nodes. Within this network theoretic context, we develop a formulation employing higher dimensional multivectors defined in Clifford Algebra that approximates the computational outcomes of such complicated systems of equations, for both inverse and forward problem types. The statics and kinematics performance of these mechanical networks (serial and parallel robots) are rapidly evaluated without the need to solve their respective traditional systems of equations using what we call 'screw hypervolumes', which capture the algebro-geometric structures generated by a robot's physical design parameters and end-effector position in terms of kinematics and statics. These dimensionless hypervolume functions enable the specialist to produce a very computationally efficient function/index that approximates the kinematic and static output spaces of robots. We find that this formulation inadvertently presents a curious mathematical analogue to these systems of equations. A 6R serial robot, the Delta robot and the 3-RRR manipulator are analysed using the hypervolume methods for the case studies. This approach can be adapted and applied to other multi-agent physical systems displaying non-commutative interactions as well.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
Number of pages43
JournalAdvances in Applied Clifford Algebras
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


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