A Fluorescent Transport Assay Enables Studying AmpG Permeases Involved in Peptidoglycan Recycling and Antibiotic Resistance

G.E. Perley-Robertson, A.K. Yadav, J.L. Winogrodzki, Keith Stubbs, B.L. Mark, D.J. Vocadlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 American Chemical Society.Inducible AmpC ß-lactamases deactivate a broad-spectrum of ß-lactam antibiotics and afford antibiotic resistance in many Gram-negative bacteria. The disturbance of peptidoglycan recycling caused by ß-lactam antibiotics leads to accumulation of GlcNAc-1,6-anhydroMurNAc-peptides, which are transported by AmpG to the cytoplasm where they are processed into AmpC inducers. AmpG transporters are poorly understood; however, their loss restores susceptibility toward ß-lactam antibiotics, highlighting AmpG as a potential target for resistance-attenuating therapeutics. We prepare a GlcNAc-1,6-anhydroMurNAc-fluorophore conjugate and, using live E. coli spheroplasts, quantitatively analyze its transport by AmpG and inhibition of this process by a competing substrate. Further, we use this transport assay to evaluate the function of two AmpG homologues from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and show that P. aeruginosa AmpG (Pa-AmpG) but not AmpP (Pa-AmpP) transports this probe substrate. We corroborate these results by AmpC induction assays with Pa-AmpG and Pa-AmpP. This fluorescent AmpG probe and spheroplast-based transport assay will enable improved understanding of PG recycling and of permeases from the major facilitator superfamily of transport proteins and may aid in identification of AmpG antagonists that combat AmpC-mediated resistance toward ß-lactam antibiotics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2626-2635
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Fluorescent Transport Assay Enables Studying AmpG Permeases Involved in Peptidoglycan Recycling and Antibiotic Resistance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this