A Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor Search for Electromagnetic Signals Coincident with Gravitational-wave Candidates in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a search for prompt gamma-ray counterparts to compact binary coalescence gravitational wave (GW) candidates from Advanced LIGO's first observing run (O1). As demonstrated by the multimessenger observations of GW170817/GRB 170817A, electromagnetic and GW observations provide complementary information about the astrophysical source, and in the case of weaker candidates, may strengthen the case for an astrophysical origin. Here we investigate low-significance GW candidates from the O1 compact binary coalescence searches using the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM), leveraging its all sky and broad energy coverage. Candidates are ranked and compared to background to measure the significance. Those with false alarm rates (FARs) of less than 10 -5 Hz (about one per day, yielding a total of 81 candidates) are used as the search sample for gamma-ray follow-up. No GW candidates were found to be coincident with gamma-ray transients independently identified by blind searches of the GBM data. In addition, GW candidate event times were followed up by a separate targeted search of GBM data. Among the resulting GBM events, the two with the lowest FARs were the gamma-ray transient GW150914-GBM presented in Connaughton et al. and a solar flare in chance coincidence with a GW candidate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number90
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume871
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

LIGO (observatory)
gamma ray bursts
gravitational waves
monitors
electromagnetism
gamma rays
false alarms
coalescence
coalescing
astrophysics
solar flares
sky
electromagnetic radiation
energy

Cite this

@article{a47304f85e464447a492d98940723991,
title = "A Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor Search for Electromagnetic Signals Coincident with Gravitational-wave Candidates in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run",
abstract = "We present a search for prompt gamma-ray counterparts to compact binary coalescence gravitational wave (GW) candidates from Advanced LIGO's first observing run (O1). As demonstrated by the multimessenger observations of GW170817/GRB 170817A, electromagnetic and GW observations provide complementary information about the astrophysical source, and in the case of weaker candidates, may strengthen the case for an astrophysical origin. Here we investigate low-significance GW candidates from the O1 compact binary coalescence searches using the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM), leveraging its all sky and broad energy coverage. Candidates are ranked and compared to background to measure the significance. Those with false alarm rates (FARs) of less than 10 -5 Hz (about one per day, yielding a total of 81 candidates) are used as the search sample for gamma-ray follow-up. No GW candidates were found to be coincident with gamma-ray transients independently identified by blind searches of the GBM data. In addition, GW candidate event times were followed up by a separate targeted search of GBM data. Among the resulting GBM events, the two with the lowest FARs were the gamma-ray transient GW150914-GBM presented in Connaughton et al. and a solar flare in chance coincidence with a GW candidate.",
keywords = "gamma-ray burst: general, gravitational waves",
author = "{LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration} and E. Burns and A. Goldstein and Hui, {C. M.} and L. Blackburn and Briggs, {M. S.} and V. Connaughton and R. Hamburg and D. Kocevski and P. Veres and Wilson-Hodge, {C. A.} and E. Bissaldi and Cleveland, {W. H.} and Giles, {M. M.} and B. Mailyan and Meegan, {C. A.} and Paciesas, {W. A.} and S. Poolakkil and Preece, {R. D.} and Racusin, {J. L.} and Roberts, {O. J.} and Kienlin, {A. Von} and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and B. Agarwal and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and B. Allen and G. Allen and A. Allocca and Aloy, {M. A.} and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Amato and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and Angelova, {S. V.} and S. Antier and S. Appert and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and M. Arene and N. Arnaud and Arun, {K. G.} and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and M. Ast and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and Atallah, {D. V.} and F. Aubin and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and K. Aultoneal and C. Austin and A. Avila-Alvarez and S. Babak and P. Bacon and F. Badaracco and Bader, {M. K.M.} and S. Bae and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and S. Banagiri and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barclay, {S. E.} and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and K. Barkett and S. Barnum and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and Batch, {J. C.} and M. Bawaj and Bayley, {J. C.} and M. Bazzan and B. B{\'e}csy and C. Beer and M. Bejger and I. Belahcene and Bell, {A. S.} and D. Beniwal and M. Bensch and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Bergmann and S. Bernuzzi and Bero, {J. J.} and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and R. Bhandare and Bilenko, {I. A.} and Bilgili, {S. A.} and G. Billingsley and Billman, {C. R.} and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and S. Biscoveanu and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blackburn, {J. K.} and J. Blackman and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and Blair, {R. M.} and S. Bloemen and O. Bock and N. Bode and M. Boer and Y. Boetzel and G. Bogaert and A. Bohe and F. Bondu and E. Bonilla and R. Bonnand and P. Booker and Boom, {B. A.} and Booth, {C. D.} and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and K. Bossie and V. Bossilkov and J. Bosveld and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and A. Bramley and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and F. Brighenti and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and P. Brockill and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. D.} and S. Brunett and Buchanan, {C. C.} and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and Byer, {R. L.} and M. Cabero and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and Bustillo, {J. Calder{\'o}n} and Callister, {T. A.} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and M. Canepa and P. Canizares and Cannon, {K. C.} and H. Cao and J. Cao and Capano, {C. D.} and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and Carney, {M. F.} and Diaz, {J. Casanueva} and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and M. Cavaglia and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and Cepeda, {C. B.} and P. Cerd{\'a}-Dur{\'a}n and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and O. Chaibi and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and M. Chan and S. Chao and P. Charlton and E. Chase and E. Chassande-Mottin and D. Chatterjee and Cheeseboro, {B. D.} and Chen, {H. Y.} and X. Chen and Y. Chen and Cheng, {H. P.} and Chia, {H. Y.} and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and T. Chmiel and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and Chow, {J. H.} and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and Chua, {A. J.K.} and S. Chua and Chung, {K. W.} and S. Chung and G. Ciani and Ciobanu, {A. A.} and R. Ciolfi and F. Cipriano and Cirelli, {C. E.} and A. Cirone and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and P. Clearwater and F. Cleva and C. Cocchieri and E. Coccia and Coward, {D. M.} and Danilishin, {S. L.} and Howell, {E. J.} and McCann, {J. J.} and Page, {M. A.} and Slaven-Blair, {T. J.} and C. Zhao",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/aaf726",
language = "English",
volume = "871",
journal = "The Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "1",

}

A Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor Search for Electromagnetic Signals Coincident with Gravitational-wave Candidates in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run. / LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 871, No. 1, 90, 20.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor Search for Electromagnetic Signals Coincident with Gravitational-wave Candidates in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

AU - Burns, E.

AU - Goldstein, A.

AU - Hui, C. M.

AU - Blackburn, L.

AU - Briggs, M. S.

AU - Connaughton, V.

AU - Hamburg, R.

AU - Kocevski, D.

AU - Veres, P.

AU - Wilson-Hodge, C. A.

AU - Bissaldi, E.

AU - Cleveland, W. H.

AU - Giles, M. M.

AU - Mailyan, B.

AU - Meegan, C. A.

AU - Paciesas, W. A.

AU - Poolakkil, S.

AU - Preece, R. D.

AU - Racusin, J. L.

AU - Roberts, O. J.

AU - Kienlin, A. Von

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Adya, V. B.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agarwal, B.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O. D.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allen, G.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Aloy, M. A.

AU - Altin, P. A.

AU - Amato, A.

AU - Ananyeva, A.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Angelova, S. V.

AU - Antier, S.

AU - Appert, S.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Areeda, J. S.

AU - Arene, M.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Arun, K. G.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Ashton, G.

AU - Ast, M.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Atallah, D. V.

AU - Aubin, F.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Aultoneal, K.

AU - Austin, C.

AU - Avila-Alvarez, A.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Bacon, P.

AU - Badaracco, F.

AU - Bader, M. K.M.

AU - Bae, S.

AU - Baker, P. T.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Ballmer, S. W.

AU - Banagiri, S.

AU - Barayoga, J. C.

AU - Barclay, S. E.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barkett, K.

AU - Barnum, S.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Barta, D.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Batch, J. C.

AU - Bawaj, M.

AU - Bayley, J. C.

AU - Bazzan, M.

AU - Bécsy, B.

AU - Beer, C.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Belahcene, I.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Beniwal, D.

AU - Bensch, M.

AU - Berger, B. K.

AU - Bergmann, G.

AU - Bernuzzi, S.

AU - Bero, J. J.

AU - Berry, C. P.L.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Bhandare, R.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Bilgili, S. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Billman, C. R.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Birnholtz, O.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Biscoveanu, S.

AU - Bisht, A.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Bizouard, M. A.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Blackman, J.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Blair, D. G.

AU - Blair, R. M.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Bock, O.

AU - Bode, N.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Boetzel, Y.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bohe, A.

AU - Bondu, F.

AU - Bonilla, E.

AU - Bonnand, R.

AU - Booker, P.

AU - Boom, B. A.

AU - Booth, C. D.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Bossie, K.

AU - Bossilkov, V.

AU - Bosveld, J.

AU - Bouffanais, Y.

AU - Bozzi, A.

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Bramley, A.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Briant, T.

AU - Brighenti, F.

AU - Brillet, A.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brisson, V.

AU - Brockill, P.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. D.

AU - Brunett, S.

AU - Buchanan, C. C.

AU - Buikema, A.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Bulten, H. J.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Buskulic, D.

AU - Buy, C.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cabero, M.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Cahillane, C.

AU - Bustillo, J. Calderón

AU - Callister, T. A.

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Canepa, M.

AU - Canizares, P.

AU - Cannon, K. C.

AU - Cao, H.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Capano, C. D.

AU - Capocasa, E.

AU - Carbognani, F.

AU - Caride, S.

AU - Carney, M. F.

AU - Diaz, J. Casanueva

AU - Casentini, C.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavaglia, M.

AU - Cavalier, F.

AU - Cavalieri, R.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Cepeda, C. B.

AU - Cerdá-Durán, P.

AU - Cerretani, G.

AU - Cesarini, E.

AU - Chaibi, O.

AU - Chamberlin, S. J.

AU - Chan, M.

AU - Chao, S.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chase, E.

AU - Chassande-Mottin, E.

AU - Chatterjee, D.

AU - Cheeseboro, B. D.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chen, X.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cheng, H. P.

AU - Chia, H. Y.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Chiummo, A.

AU - Chmiel, T.

AU - Cho, H. S.

AU - Cho, M.

AU - Chow, J. H.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chu, Q.

AU - Chua, A. J.K.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Chung, K. W.

AU - Chung, S.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Ciobanu, A. A.

AU - Ciolfi, R.

AU - Cipriano, F.

AU - Cirelli, C. E.

AU - Cirone, A.

AU - Clara, F.

AU - Clark, J. A.

AU - Clearwater, P.

AU - Cleva, F.

AU - Cocchieri, C.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Coward, D. M.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - Howell, E. J.

AU - McCann, J. J.

AU - Page, M. A.

AU - Slaven-Blair, T. J.

AU - Zhao, C.

PY - 2019/1/20

Y1 - 2019/1/20

N2 - We present a search for prompt gamma-ray counterparts to compact binary coalescence gravitational wave (GW) candidates from Advanced LIGO's first observing run (O1). As demonstrated by the multimessenger observations of GW170817/GRB 170817A, electromagnetic and GW observations provide complementary information about the astrophysical source, and in the case of weaker candidates, may strengthen the case for an astrophysical origin. Here we investigate low-significance GW candidates from the O1 compact binary coalescence searches using the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM), leveraging its all sky and broad energy coverage. Candidates are ranked and compared to background to measure the significance. Those with false alarm rates (FARs) of less than 10 -5 Hz (about one per day, yielding a total of 81 candidates) are used as the search sample for gamma-ray follow-up. No GW candidates were found to be coincident with gamma-ray transients independently identified by blind searches of the GBM data. In addition, GW candidate event times were followed up by a separate targeted search of GBM data. Among the resulting GBM events, the two with the lowest FARs were the gamma-ray transient GW150914-GBM presented in Connaughton et al. and a solar flare in chance coincidence with a GW candidate.

AB - We present a search for prompt gamma-ray counterparts to compact binary coalescence gravitational wave (GW) candidates from Advanced LIGO's first observing run (O1). As demonstrated by the multimessenger observations of GW170817/GRB 170817A, electromagnetic and GW observations provide complementary information about the astrophysical source, and in the case of weaker candidates, may strengthen the case for an astrophysical origin. Here we investigate low-significance GW candidates from the O1 compact binary coalescence searches using the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM), leveraging its all sky and broad energy coverage. Candidates are ranked and compared to background to measure the significance. Those with false alarm rates (FARs) of less than 10 -5 Hz (about one per day, yielding a total of 81 candidates) are used as the search sample for gamma-ray follow-up. No GW candidates were found to be coincident with gamma-ray transients independently identified by blind searches of the GBM data. In addition, GW candidate event times were followed up by a separate targeted search of GBM data. Among the resulting GBM events, the two with the lowest FARs were the gamma-ray transient GW150914-GBM presented in Connaughton et al. and a solar flare in chance coincidence with a GW candidate.

KW - gamma-ray burst: general

KW - gravitational waves

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062472559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/aaf726

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/aaf726

M3 - Article

VL - 871

JO - The Astrophysical Journal

JF - The Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 90

ER -