A Fast and Fully Automatic Ear Recognition Approach Based 3D Local Surface Features

S.M.S. Islam, Rowan Davies, Ajmal Mian, Mohammed Bennamoun

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    27 Citations (Scopus)
    444 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Sensitivity of global features to pose, illumination and scale variations encouraged researchers to use local features for object representation and recognition. Availability of 3D scanners also made the use of 3D data (which is less affected by such variations compared to its 2D counterpart) very popular in computer vision applications. In this paper, an approach is proposed for human ear recognition based on robust 3D local features. The features are constructed on distinctive locations in the 3D ear data with an approximated surface around them based on the neighborhood information. Correspondences are then established between gallery and probe features and the two data sets are aligned based on these correspondences. A minimal rectangular subset of the whole 3D ear data only containing the corresponding features is then passed to the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm for final recognition. Experiments were performed on the UND biometric database and the proposed system achieved 90, 94 and 96 percent recognition rate for rank one, two and three respectively. The approach is fully automatic, comparatively very fast and makes on assumption about the localization of the nose or the ear pit, unlike previous works on ear recognition.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1081-1092
    JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science
    Volume5259
    Issue numberPart II
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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