A eutectic dual-phase design towards superior mechanical properties of heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

Zhigang Wu, Zhiwen Liang, Yajiu Zhang, Zhuhong Liu, Junsong Zhang, Fakhrodin Motazedian, Sam Bakhtiari, Bashir Samsam Shariat, Yinong Liu, Yang Ren, Hong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys possess attractive multifunctional properties, including magnetic field induced shape memory effect, magnetoresistance and magnetocaloric effect, owing to the unique concurrent magnetic and martensitic transformations. However, these intermetallics generally exhibit intrinsic high brittleness and low strength, which severely impede their workability for processing and applicability in real use. In this study, we demonstrate a new grain refining strategy by means of eutectic solidification to improve the mechanical properties in Ni–Mn–Sn–Fe alloys. In a fully eutectic microstructure, the average γ lamellae thickness was refined to ∼170 nm and the composite showed a compressive strength of 1950 MPa, ductility of 19.5%, Young's Modulus of 38 GPa, pseudoelasticity of 3.2% and high mechanical cyclic stability. The high mechanical performance is attributed to the effect of departmentalisation of the brittle Heusler alloy by the densely distributed γ phase fine lamellae in resisting crack propagation. The eutectic Heusler composite exhibited a metamagnetic phase transformation, with a magnetic entropy change of 10.2 J/kg·K and a refrigeration capacity of 181 J/kg in a field change of 5 T.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-290
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Volume181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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Shape memory effect
Eutectics
Mechanical properties
Magnetocaloric effects
Martensitic transformations
Composite materials
Magnetoresistance
Refrigeration
Brittleness
Compressive strength
Refining
Intermetallics
Ductility
Solidification
Crack propagation
Entropy
Elastic moduli
Phase transitions
Magnetic fields
Microstructure

Cite this

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title = "A eutectic dual-phase design towards superior mechanical properties of heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys",
abstract = "Heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys possess attractive multifunctional properties, including magnetic field induced shape memory effect, magnetoresistance and magnetocaloric effect, owing to the unique concurrent magnetic and martensitic transformations. However, these intermetallics generally exhibit intrinsic high brittleness and low strength, which severely impede their workability for processing and applicability in real use. In this study, we demonstrate a new grain refining strategy by means of eutectic solidification to improve the mechanical properties in Ni–Mn–Sn–Fe alloys. In a fully eutectic microstructure, the average γ lamellae thickness was refined to ∼170 nm and the composite showed a compressive strength of 1950 MPa, ductility of 19.5{\%}, Young's Modulus of 38 GPa, pseudoelasticity of 3.2{\%} and high mechanical cyclic stability. The high mechanical performance is attributed to the effect of departmentalisation of the brittle Heusler alloy by the densely distributed γ phase fine lamellae in resisting crack propagation. The eutectic Heusler composite exhibited a metamagnetic phase transformation, with a magnetic entropy change of 10.2 J/kg·K and a refrigeration capacity of 181 J/kg in a field change of 5 T.",
keywords = "Ductility, Eutectic microstructure, Grain refining, Heusler alloys, Magnetic entropy change",
author = "Zhigang Wu and Zhiwen Liang and Yajiu Zhang and Zhuhong Liu and Junsong Zhang and Fakhrodin Motazedian and Sam Bakhtiari and Shariat, {Bashir Samsam} and Yinong Liu and Yang Ren and Hong Yang",
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A eutectic dual-phase design towards superior mechanical properties of heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. / Wu, Zhigang; Liang, Zhiwen; Zhang, Yajiu; Liu, Zhuhong; Zhang, Junsong; Motazedian, Fakhrodin; Bakhtiari, Sam; Shariat, Bashir Samsam; Liu, Yinong; Ren, Yang; Yang, Hong.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 181, 12.2019, p. 278-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A eutectic dual-phase design towards superior mechanical properties of heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

AU - Wu, Zhigang

AU - Liang, Zhiwen

AU - Zhang, Yajiu

AU - Liu, Zhuhong

AU - Zhang, Junsong

AU - Motazedian, Fakhrodin

AU - Bakhtiari, Sam

AU - Shariat, Bashir Samsam

AU - Liu, Yinong

AU - Ren, Yang

AU - Yang, Hong

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys possess attractive multifunctional properties, including magnetic field induced shape memory effect, magnetoresistance and magnetocaloric effect, owing to the unique concurrent magnetic and martensitic transformations. However, these intermetallics generally exhibit intrinsic high brittleness and low strength, which severely impede their workability for processing and applicability in real use. In this study, we demonstrate a new grain refining strategy by means of eutectic solidification to improve the mechanical properties in Ni–Mn–Sn–Fe alloys. In a fully eutectic microstructure, the average γ lamellae thickness was refined to ∼170 nm and the composite showed a compressive strength of 1950 MPa, ductility of 19.5%, Young's Modulus of 38 GPa, pseudoelasticity of 3.2% and high mechanical cyclic stability. The high mechanical performance is attributed to the effect of departmentalisation of the brittle Heusler alloy by the densely distributed γ phase fine lamellae in resisting crack propagation. The eutectic Heusler composite exhibited a metamagnetic phase transformation, with a magnetic entropy change of 10.2 J/kg·K and a refrigeration capacity of 181 J/kg in a field change of 5 T.

AB - Heusler-type ferromagnetic shape memory alloys possess attractive multifunctional properties, including magnetic field induced shape memory effect, magnetoresistance and magnetocaloric effect, owing to the unique concurrent magnetic and martensitic transformations. However, these intermetallics generally exhibit intrinsic high brittleness and low strength, which severely impede their workability for processing and applicability in real use. In this study, we demonstrate a new grain refining strategy by means of eutectic solidification to improve the mechanical properties in Ni–Mn–Sn–Fe alloys. In a fully eutectic microstructure, the average γ lamellae thickness was refined to ∼170 nm and the composite showed a compressive strength of 1950 MPa, ductility of 19.5%, Young's Modulus of 38 GPa, pseudoelasticity of 3.2% and high mechanical cyclic stability. The high mechanical performance is attributed to the effect of departmentalisation of the brittle Heusler alloy by the densely distributed γ phase fine lamellae in resisting crack propagation. The eutectic Heusler composite exhibited a metamagnetic phase transformation, with a magnetic entropy change of 10.2 J/kg·K and a refrigeration capacity of 181 J/kg in a field change of 5 T.

KW - Ductility

KW - Eutectic microstructure

KW - Grain refining

KW - Heusler alloys

KW - Magnetic entropy change

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