A DSE-Based Power System Frequency Restoration Strategy for PV-Integrated Power Systems Considering Solar Irradiance Variations

Shenglong Yu, Lijun Zhang, Herbert Ho Ching Iu, Tyrone Fernando, Kit Po Wong

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    With power networks undergoing an unprecedented transition from traditional power systems to modern electric grids integrated with renewable energy sources, maintaining frequency stability of generators in modern power systems has become one of the major concerns. Targeting this issue, in this paper, we propose a novel frequency restoration strategy in photovoltaics (PV)-connected power systems using decentralized dynamic state estimation technique and PV power plant as a contingency power source. When a sudden increase in load demand occurs, the output power of PV panels is increased in order to compensate for the shortage of real power capacity of the generator, in order to restore the frequency of a certain generator bus bar. An unscented Kalman filter-based decentralized dynamic estimation is utilized in this study to estimate the frequency of a selected generator bus bar with local noisy voltage and current measurement data acquired by using phasor measurement units. Solar luminous intensity may vary over a period of time in different seasons, weather conditions, etc., which causes the variations in the output power of PV power plants. This irradiance uncertainty is also considered in this study. The proposed control strategy not only incorporates the frequency deviations of a generator bus-bar, but also takes into account the tie-line power deviations under disturbances. Simulation results demonstrate the capacity of proposed control schemes in restoring the frequency of generator bus-bars and also maintaining the tie-line power flowing between adjoining areas at it scheduled value.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number7903617
    Pages (from-to)2511-2518
    Number of pages8
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    Volume13
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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    Solar system
    Restoration
    Power plants
    Phasor measurement units
    Frequency stability
    Voltage measurement
    Electric current measurement
    State estimation
    Kalman filters

    Cite this

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    title = "A DSE-Based Power System Frequency Restoration Strategy for PV-Integrated Power Systems Considering Solar Irradiance Variations",
    abstract = "With power networks undergoing an unprecedented transition from traditional power systems to modern electric grids integrated with renewable energy sources, maintaining frequency stability of generators in modern power systems has become one of the major concerns. Targeting this issue, in this paper, we propose a novel frequency restoration strategy in photovoltaics (PV)-connected power systems using decentralized dynamic state estimation technique and PV power plant as a contingency power source. When a sudden increase in load demand occurs, the output power of PV panels is increased in order to compensate for the shortage of real power capacity of the generator, in order to restore the frequency of a certain generator bus bar. An unscented Kalman filter-based decentralized dynamic estimation is utilized in this study to estimate the frequency of a selected generator bus bar with local noisy voltage and current measurement data acquired by using phasor measurement units. Solar luminous intensity may vary over a period of time in different seasons, weather conditions, etc., which causes the variations in the output power of PV power plants. This irradiance uncertainty is also considered in this study. The proposed control strategy not only incorporates the frequency deviations of a generator bus-bar, but also takes into account the tie-line power deviations under disturbances. Simulation results demonstrate the capacity of proposed control schemes in restoring the frequency of generator bus-bars and also maintaining the tie-line power flowing between adjoining areas at it scheduled value.",
    keywords = "Dynamic state estimation (DSE), frequency restoration, phasor measurement unit (PMU), photovoltaics (PV), unscented Kalman filter (UKF)",
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    A DSE-Based Power System Frequency Restoration Strategy for PV-Integrated Power Systems Considering Solar Irradiance Variations. / Yu, Shenglong; Zhang, Lijun; Iu, Herbert Ho Ching; Fernando, Tyrone; Wong, Kit Po.

    In: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, Vol. 13, No. 5, 7903617, 01.10.2017, p. 2511-2518.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - A DSE-Based Power System Frequency Restoration Strategy for PV-Integrated Power Systems Considering Solar Irradiance Variations

    AU - Yu, Shenglong

    AU - Zhang, Lijun

    AU - Iu, Herbert Ho Ching

    AU - Fernando, Tyrone

    AU - Wong, Kit Po

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