A detailed morphological and immunohistochemical comparison of primary endometrial and tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas and their corresponding omental metastases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increasingly, high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSCs) of fallopian tube/ovarian origin are managed initially with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and pre-treatment diagnosis is often based upon relatively limited core biopsy and/or cytology specimens. Endometrial HGSC can also present with adnexal and peritoneal metastasis, thus mimicking a primary tubo-ovarian neoplasm, but the role of NACT in these cases is less established. Immunohistochemistry has been considered useful in this distinction but with a wide range of reported findings in the literature. In this study we have examined tumour growth patterns and the expression p16, Ki-67, WT1, PAX2, HER2, ER-α, ER-β, PR, and BAF250a in 18 tubo-ovarian and 14 endometrial HGSCs, comparing the findings in primary and omental sites. Metastatic tubo-ovarian carcinomas demonstrated significantly more varied architectural patterns than metastatic endometrial HGSCs (median 2.5 versus 1). None of the immunohistochemical markers proved completely reliable but only endometrial HGSC were WT1 negative (7/14 metastatic tumours) or demonstrated over-expression of HER2 (2/14 cases). Micropapillary tumour elements more often showed retained PAX2 and WT1 expression, low Ki-67 labelling, and (in endometrial tumours) PR staining. Diverse architectural patterns suggest tubo-ovarian origin in a metastatic HGSC. Immunohistochemical results should be cautiously interpreted, particularly in small specimens.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPathology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Neoplasm Metastasis
Carcinoma
Neoplasms
Drug Therapy
Fallopian Tubes
Ovarian Neoplasms
Cell Biology
Immunohistochemistry
Staining and Labeling
Biopsy
Growth
Therapeutics

Cite this

@article{fc36a22f6de54fdba42029ab994a00c3,
title = "A detailed morphological and immunohistochemical comparison of primary endometrial and tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas and their corresponding omental metastases",
abstract = "Increasingly, high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSCs) of fallopian tube/ovarian origin are managed initially with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and pre-treatment diagnosis is often based upon relatively limited core biopsy and/or cytology specimens. Endometrial HGSC can also present with adnexal and peritoneal metastasis, thus mimicking a primary tubo-ovarian neoplasm, but the role of NACT in these cases is less established. Immunohistochemistry has been considered useful in this distinction but with a wide range of reported findings in the literature. In this study we have examined tumour growth patterns and the expression p16, Ki-67, WT1, PAX2, HER2, ER-α, ER-β, PR, and BAF250a in 18 tubo-ovarian and 14 endometrial HGSCs, comparing the findings in primary and omental sites. Metastatic tubo-ovarian carcinomas demonstrated significantly more varied architectural patterns than metastatic endometrial HGSCs (median 2.5 versus 1). None of the immunohistochemical markers proved completely reliable but only endometrial HGSC were WT1 negative (7/14 metastatic tumours) or demonstrated over-expression of HER2 (2/14 cases). Micropapillary tumour elements more often showed retained PAX2 and WT1 expression, low Ki-67 labelling, and (in endometrial tumours) PR staining. Diverse architectural patterns suggest tubo-ovarian origin in a metastatic HGSC. Immunohistochemical results should be cautiously interpreted, particularly in small specimens.",
keywords = "endometrium, fallopian tube, High-grade serous carcinoma, histology, immunohistochemistry, omentum",
author = "Sukeerat Ruba and Dorota Doherty and Stewart, {Colin J.R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pathol.2019.10.007",
language = "English",
journal = "Pathology",
issn = "0031-3025",
publisher = "Pergamon",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A detailed morphological and immunohistochemical comparison of primary endometrial and tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas and their corresponding omental metastases

AU - Ruba, Sukeerat

AU - Doherty, Dorota

AU - Stewart, Colin J.R.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Increasingly, high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSCs) of fallopian tube/ovarian origin are managed initially with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and pre-treatment diagnosis is often based upon relatively limited core biopsy and/or cytology specimens. Endometrial HGSC can also present with adnexal and peritoneal metastasis, thus mimicking a primary tubo-ovarian neoplasm, but the role of NACT in these cases is less established. Immunohistochemistry has been considered useful in this distinction but with a wide range of reported findings in the literature. In this study we have examined tumour growth patterns and the expression p16, Ki-67, WT1, PAX2, HER2, ER-α, ER-β, PR, and BAF250a in 18 tubo-ovarian and 14 endometrial HGSCs, comparing the findings in primary and omental sites. Metastatic tubo-ovarian carcinomas demonstrated significantly more varied architectural patterns than metastatic endometrial HGSCs (median 2.5 versus 1). None of the immunohistochemical markers proved completely reliable but only endometrial HGSC were WT1 negative (7/14 metastatic tumours) or demonstrated over-expression of HER2 (2/14 cases). Micropapillary tumour elements more often showed retained PAX2 and WT1 expression, low Ki-67 labelling, and (in endometrial tumours) PR staining. Diverse architectural patterns suggest tubo-ovarian origin in a metastatic HGSC. Immunohistochemical results should be cautiously interpreted, particularly in small specimens.

AB - Increasingly, high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSCs) of fallopian tube/ovarian origin are managed initially with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and pre-treatment diagnosis is often based upon relatively limited core biopsy and/or cytology specimens. Endometrial HGSC can also present with adnexal and peritoneal metastasis, thus mimicking a primary tubo-ovarian neoplasm, but the role of NACT in these cases is less established. Immunohistochemistry has been considered useful in this distinction but with a wide range of reported findings in the literature. In this study we have examined tumour growth patterns and the expression p16, Ki-67, WT1, PAX2, HER2, ER-α, ER-β, PR, and BAF250a in 18 tubo-ovarian and 14 endometrial HGSCs, comparing the findings in primary and omental sites. Metastatic tubo-ovarian carcinomas demonstrated significantly more varied architectural patterns than metastatic endometrial HGSCs (median 2.5 versus 1). None of the immunohistochemical markers proved completely reliable but only endometrial HGSC were WT1 negative (7/14 metastatic tumours) or demonstrated over-expression of HER2 (2/14 cases). Micropapillary tumour elements more often showed retained PAX2 and WT1 expression, low Ki-67 labelling, and (in endometrial tumours) PR staining. Diverse architectural patterns suggest tubo-ovarian origin in a metastatic HGSC. Immunohistochemical results should be cautiously interpreted, particularly in small specimens.

KW - endometrium

KW - fallopian tube

KW - High-grade serous carcinoma

KW - histology

KW - immunohistochemistry

KW - omentum

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85076847242&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pathol.2019.10.007

DO - 10.1016/j.pathol.2019.10.007

M3 - Article

JO - Pathology

JF - Pathology

SN - 0031-3025

ER -