A convergent beam electron diffraction study of some rare-earth perovskite oxides

Daniel Jones

    Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

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    Abstract

    This work describes detailed convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED) studies of GdAlO3 and LaAlO3 perovskites. CBED patterns tilted away from major zone axes have been found to have high sensitivity to the presence of mirror or glide mirror symmetry. Such patterns confirm to high accuracy that the space group of GdAlO3 is orthorhombic, Pnma. Tilted patterns from this well characterised structure also serve as benchmarks against which similar patterns may be compared. In the case of LaAlO3, tilted patterns enable the space group to be confirmed as rhombohedral R3c, previously claimed to be cubic (Fm3c) by CBED. Furthermore, no evidence for the low symmetry (I2/a or F1) phases proposed for LaAlO3 has been observed. The LaAlO3 study also gives a careful assessment of the influence of tilted specimen surfaces on the CBED data. Within the qualitative scope of these experiments, no symmetry degrading effects could be observed. Some preliminary Quantitative CBED (QCBED) data from LaAlO3 is also presented. This shows it will be possible to make a detailed study of the bonding charge density (??) in this material when combined with X-ray diffraction data. Also included is a brief CBED study of LaFeO3, a material that is isostructural with GdAlO3. Although this is restricted to exact zone axis patterns, it is noted that tilted patterns have significant potential to improve the quality of the symmetry determination.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationMasters
    Publication statusUnpublished - 2007

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