A comprehensive study of the mechanical performance of gantry, EPID and the MLC assembly in Elekta linacs during gantry rotation

Pejman Rowshanfarzad, H.L. Riis, S.J. Zimmermann, Martin Ebert

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    ©2015 The Authors. Objective: In radiotherapy treatments, it is crucial to monitor the performance of linear accelerator (linac) components, including gantry, collimation system and electronic portal imaging device (EPID) during arc deliveries. In this study, a simple EPID-based measurement method is suggested in conjunction with an algorithm to investigate the stability of these systems at various gantry angles with the aim of evaluating machinerelated errors in treatments. Methods: The EPID sag, gantry sag, changes in source-todetector distance (SDD), EPID and collimator skewness, EPID tilt and the sag in leaf bank assembly owing to linac rotation were separately investigated by acquisition of 37 EPID images of a simple phantom with 5 ball bearings at various gantry angles. A fast and robust software package was developed for automated analysis of the image data. Nine Elekta AB (Stockholm, Sweden) linacs of different models and number of years in service were investigated. Results: The average EPID sag was within 2mm for all tested linacs. Some machines showed >1-mm gantry sag. Changes in the SDD values were within 1.3 cm. EPID skewness and tilt values were
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20140581
    JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
    Issue number1051
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


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