A complex recombination pattern in the genome of allotetraploid Brassica napusas revealed by a high-density genetic map

G. Cai, Q. Yang, B. Yi, C. Fan, Dave Edwards, Jacqueline Batley, Y. Zhou

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2014 Cai et al. Polyploidy plays a crucial role in plant evolution. Brassica napus (2n = 38, AACC), the most important oil crop in the Brassica genus, is an allotetraploid that originated through natural doubling of chromosomes after the hybridization of its progenitor species, B. rapa (2n=20, AA) and B. oleracea (2n=18, CC). A better understanding of the evolutionary relationship between B. napus and B. rapa, B. oleracea, as well as Arabidopsis, which has a common ancestor with these three species, will provide valuable information about the generation and evolution of allopolyploidy. Based on a highdensity genetic map with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, we performed a comparative genomic analysis of B. napus with Arabidopsis and its progenitor species B. rapa and B. oleracea. Based on the collinear relationship of B. rapa and B. oleracea in the B. napus genetic map, the B. napus genome was found to consist of 70.1% of the skeleton components of the chromosomes of B. rapa and B. oleracea, with 17.7% of sequences derived from reciprocal translocation between homoeologous chromosomes between the A- and C-genome and 3.6% of sequences derived from reciprocal translocation between non-homologous chromosomes at both intra- and inter-genomic levels. The current study thus provides insights into the formation and evolution of the allotetraploid B. napus genome, which will allow for more accurate transfer of genomic information from B. rapa, B. oleracea and Arabidopsis to B. napus. Copyright:
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume9
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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