A common genetic variant of a mitochondrial RNA processing enzyme predisposes to insulin resistance

Giulia Rossetti, Judith A. Ermer, Maike Stentenbach, Stefan J. Siira, Tara R. Richman, Dusanka Milenkovic, Kara L. Perks, Laetitia A. Hughes, Emma Jamieson, Gulibaikelamu Xiafukaiti, Natalie C. Ward, Satoru Takahashi, Nicola Gray, Helena M. Viola, Livia C. Hool, Oliver Rackham, Aleksandra Filipovska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mitochondrial energy metabolism plays an important role in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance. Recently, a missense N437S variant was identified in the MRPP3 gene, which encodes a mitochondrial RNA processing enzyme within the RNase P complex, with predicted impact on metabolism. We used CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing to introduce this variant into the mouse Mrpp3 gene and show that the variant causes insulin resistance on a high-fat diet. The variant did not influence mitochondrial gene expression markedly, but instead, it reduced mitochondrial calcium that lowered insulin release from the pancreatic islet β cells of the Mrpp3 variant mice. Reduced insulin secretion resulted in lower insulin levels that contributed to imbalanced metabolism and liver steatosis in the Mrpp3 variant mice on a high-fat diet. Our findings reveal that the MRPP3 variant may be a predisposing factor to insulin resistance and metabolic disease in the human population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabi7514
JournalScience Advances
Volume7
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

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