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  • Helen Leonard
2018

Intellectual disability in children conceived using assisted reproductive technology

Hansen, M., Greenop, K. R., Bourke, J., Baynam, G., Hart, R. J. & Leonard, H., 1 Dec 2018, In : Pediatrics. 142, 6, e20181269.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Oral health experiences of individuals with Rett syndrome: A retrospective study

Lai, Y. Y. L., Wong, K., King, N. M., Downs, J. & Leonard, H., 29 Nov 2018, In : BMC Oral Health. 18, 1, 195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access

Parent-reported health-related quality of life of children with Down syndrome: A descriptive study

Shields, N., Leonard, H., Munteanu, S., Bourke, J., Lim, P., Taylor, N. F. & Downs, J., Apr 2018, In : Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 60, 4, p. 402-408

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Respiratory morbidity in Rett syndrome: an observational study

MacKay, J., Leonard, H., Wong, K., Wilson, A. & Downs, J., 1 Sep 2018, In : Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 60, 9, p. 951-957 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Risk of stillbirth, preterm delivery, and fetal growth restriction following exposure in a previous birth: systematic review and meta-analysis

Malacova, E., Regan, A., Nassar, N., Raynes-Greenow, C., Leonard, H., Srinivasjois, R., W Shand, A., Lavin, T. & Pereira, G., 1 Jan 2018, In : BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 125, 2, p. 183-192 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Sleep disturbances in Rett syndrome: Impact and management including use of sleep hygiene practices

Boban, S., Leonard, H., Wong, K., Wilson, A. & Downs, J., 1 Jul 2018, In : American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A. 176, 7, p. 1569-1577 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

The prevalence of mental health disorders and symptoms in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Downs, J., Blackmore, A. M., Epstein, A., Skoss, R., Langdon, K., Jacoby, P., Whitehouse, A. J. O., Leonard, H., Rowe, P. W., Glasson, E. J. & The Cerebral Palsy Mental Health Group, 1 Jan 2018, In : Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 60, 1, p. 30-38 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)
7 Citations (Scopus)

Use of health services in the last year of life and cause of death in people with intellectual disability: A retrospective matched cohort study

Brameld, K., Spilsbury, K., Rosenwax, L., Leonard, H. & Semmens, J., 1 Feb 2018, In : BMJ Open. 8, 2, e020268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
8 Citations (Scopus)

Vagus nerve stimulation for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in the CDKL5 Deficiency Disorder

Lim, Z., Wong, K., Downs, J., Bebbington, K., Demarest, S. & Leonard, H., 1 Oct 2018, In : Epilepsy Research. 146, p. 36-40 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)
Open Access
7 Citations (Scopus)

What effect does regular exercise have on oxidative stress in people with Down syndrome? A systematic review with meta-analyses

Shields, N., Downs, J., de Haan, J. B., Taylor, N. F., Torr, J., Fernhall, B., Kingsley, M., Mnatzaganian, G. & Leonard, H., 1 Jun 2018, In : Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21, 6, p. 596-603 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)
2017

A qualitative investigation of recovery after femoral fracture in Rett syndrome

Horne, T., Leonard, H., Stannage, K. & Downs, J., 1 Mar 2017, In : Child: Care, Health and Development. 43, 2, p. 232-239 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
2 Citations (Scopus)
364 Downloads (Pure)

Australian children living with rare diseases: experiences of diagnosis and perceived consequences of diagnostic delays

Zurynski, Y., Deverell, M., Dalkeith, T., Johnson, S., Christodoulou, J., Leonard, H. & Elliott, E. J., 11 Apr 2017, In : Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 12, 1, 9 p., 68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
33 Citations (Scopus)

Autonomic breathing abnormalities in Rett syndrome: Caregiver perspectives in an international database study

MacKay, J., Downs, J., Wong, K., Heyworth, J., Epstein, A. & Leonard, H., 28 Apr 2017, In : Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders. 9, 1, 13 p., 15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
13 Citations (Scopus)

Building the repertoire of measures of walking in Rett syndrome

Stahlhut, M., Downs, J., Leonard, H., Bisgaard, A. M. & Nordmark, E., 11 Sep 2017, In : Disability and Rehabilitation. 39, 19, p. 1926-1931 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Caesarean section and risk of autism across gestational age: a multi-national cohort study of 5 million births

Yip, B. H. K., Leonard, H., Stock, S., Stoltenberg, C., Francis, R. W., Gissler, M., Gross, R., Schendel, D. & Sandin, S., Apr 2017, In : International Journal of Epidemiology. 46, 2, p. 429-439 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

CDK variants variant: Improving our understanding of a rare neurologic disorder

Hector, R. D., Kalscheuer, V. M., Hennig, F., Leonard, H., Downs, J., Clarke, A., Benke, T. A., Armstrong, J., Pineda, M., Bailey, M. E. S. & Cobb, S. R., Dec 2017, In : Neurology: Genetics. 3, 6, 10 p., 200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access

Expanding the clinical picture of the MECP2 Duplication syndrome

Lim, Z., Downs, J., Wong, K., Ellaway, C. & Leonard, H., 1 Apr 2017, In : Clinical Genetics. 91, 4, p. 557-563 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Exploring quality of life of children with cerebral palsy and intellectual disability: What are the important domains of life?

Davis, E., Reddihough, D., Murphy, N., Epstein, A., Reid, S. M., Whitehouse, A., Williams, K., Leonard, H. & Downs, J., 1 Nov 2017, In : Child: Care, Health and Development. 43, 6, p. 854-860 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Feasibility of assessing diet with a mobile food record for adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome

Bathgate, K. E., Sherriff, J. L., Leonard, H., Dhaliwal, S. S., Delp, E. J., Boushey, C. J. & Kerr, D. A., 13 Mar 2017, In : Nutrients. 9, 3, 273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
5 Citations (Scopus)

Impacts of caring for a child with the CDKL5 disorder on parental wellbeing and family quality of life

Mori, Y., Downs, J., Wong, K., Anderson, B., Epstein, A. & Leonard, H., 19 Jan 2017, In : Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 12, 1, 16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
14 Citations (Scopus)

Maltreatment risk among children with disabilities

Maclean, M. J., Sims, S., Bower, C., Leonard, H., Stanley, F. J. & O'Donnell, M., 1 Apr 2017, In : Pediatrics. 139, 4, e20161817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
35 Citations (Scopus)
343 Downloads (Pure)

Measurement of sedentary behaviors or "downtime" in Rett Syndrome

Stahlhut, M., Hill, K., Bisgaard, A. M., Jensen, A. K., Andersen, M., Leonard, H. & Downs, J., 1 Oct 2017, In : Journal of Child Neurology. 32, 12, p. 1009-1013 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Parent-observed thematic data on quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder

Epstein, A., Whitehouse, A., Williams, K., Murphy, N., Leonard, H., Davis, E., Reddihough, D. & Downs, J., 26 Oct 2017, In : Autism.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
7 Citations (Scopus)
229 Downloads (Pure)

Patterns of sedentary time and ambulatory physical activity in a Danish population of girls and women with Rett syndrome

Stahlhut, M., Downs, J., Aadahl, M., Leonard, H., Bisgaard, A. M. & Nordmark, E., 2 Oct 2017, In : Disability and Rehabilitation. p. 1-9 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Qualitative analysis of parental observations on quality of life in Australian children with Down syndrome

Murphy, N., Epstein, A., Leonard, H., Davis, E., Reddihough, D., Whitehouse, A., Jacoby, P., Bourke, J., Williams, K. & Downs, J., Feb 2017, In : Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 38, 2, p. 161-168 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Quantification of walking-based physical activity and sedentary time in individuals with Rett syndrome

Downs, J., Leonard, H., Wong, K., Newton, N. & Hill, K., 6 Jun 2017, In : Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 59, 6, p. 605-611

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Risk of Mortality into Adulthood According to Gestational Age at Birth

Srinivasjois, R., Nembhard, W., Wong, K., Bourke, J., Pereira, G. & Leonard, H., 1 Nov 2017, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 190, p. 185-191.e1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Twenty-five year survival of children with intellectual disability in Western Australia

Bourke, J., Nembhard, W. N., Wong, K. & Leonard, H., 1 Sep 2017, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 188, p. 232-239.e2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Use of the ketogenic diet to manage refractory epilepsy in CDKL5 disorder: Experience of > 100 patients

Lim, Z., Wong, K., Olson, H. E., Bergin, A. M., Downs, J. & Leonard, H., Aug 2017, In : Epilepsia. 58, 8, p. 1415-1422 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)
2016

An exploration of the use of eye gaze and gestures in females with Rett Syndrome

Urbanowicz, A., Downs, J. A., Girdler, S., Ciccone, N. & Leonard, H., 2016, In : Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 59, 6, p. 1373-1383 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
Open Access
File
44 Citations (Scopus)
317 Downloads (Pure)

Autism risk associated with parental age and with increasing difference in age between the parents

Sandin, S., Schendel, D., Magnusson, P., Hultman, C., Surén, P., Susser, E., GrØnborg, T., Gissler, M., Gunnes, N., Gross, R., Henning, M., Bresnahan, M., Sourander, A., Hornig, M., Carter, K., Francis, R., Parner, E., Leonard, H., Rosanoff, M., Stoltenberg, C. & 1 others, Reichenberg, A., 2016, In : Molecular Psychiatry. 21, 5, p. 693-700 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
83 Citations (Scopus)
11 Citations (Scopus)

Clinical guidelines for management of bone health in Rett syndrome based on expert consensus and available evidence

Jefferson, A., Leonard, H., Siafarikas, A., Woodhead, H., Fyfe, S., Ward, L. M., Munns, C., Motil, K., Tarquinio, D., Shapiro, J. R., Brismar, T., Ben-Zeev, B., Bisgaard, A. M., Coppola, G., Ellaway, C., Freilinger, M., Geerts, S., Humphreys, P., Jones, M., Lane, J. & 10 others, Larsson, G., Lotan, M., Percy, A., Pineda, M., Skinner, S., Syhler, B., Thompson, S., Weiss, B., Engerström, I. W. & Downs, J., 5 Feb 2016, In : PLoS One. 11, 2, p. 1-18 19 p., e0146824.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
22 Citations (Scopus)
391 Downloads (Pure)

Conceptualizing a quality of life framework for girls with Rett syndrome using qualitative methods

Epstein, A., Leonard, H., Davis, E., Williams, K., Reddihough, D., Murphy, N., Whitehouse, A. & Downs, J., 17 Feb 2016, In : American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A. 170, 3, p. 645-653 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
30 Citations (Scopus)
149 Downloads (Pure)

Determinants of sleep disturbances in Rett syndrome: Novel findings in relation to genotype

Boban, S., Wong, K., Epstein, A., Anderson, B., Murphy, N., Downs, J. & Leonard, H., 2016, In : American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A. 170, 9, p. 2292-2300 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Family satisfaction following spinal fusion in Rett syndrome

Downs, J., Torode, I., Ellaway, C., Jacoby, P., Bunting, C., Wong, K., Christodoulou, J. & Leonard, H., Jan 2016, In : Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 19, 1, p. 31-37 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Functional abilities in children and adults with the CDKL5 disorder

Fehr, S., Downs, J., Ho, G., de Klerk, N., Forbes, D., Christodoulou, J., Williams, S. & Leonard, H., Nov 2016, In : American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A. 170, 11, p. 2860-2869

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Health care utilization and costs for children and adults with duchenne muscular dystrophy

Teoh, L., Geelhoed, E., Bayley, K., Leonard, H. & Laing, N., Jun 2016, In : Muscle and Nerve. 53, 6, p. 877-884

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
Open Access
File
1 Citation (Scopus)
248 Downloads (Pure)

Improved survival in Down Syndrome over the last 60 years and the impact of perinatal factors in recent decades

Glasson, E., Jacques, A., Wong, K., Bourke, J. & Leonard, H., Feb 2016, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 169, p. 214-220e1 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
31 Citations (Scopus)
396 Downloads (Pure)

Maternal psychiatric disorder and the risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder or intellectual disability in subsequent offspring

Fairthorne, J., Hammond, G., Bourke, J., De Klerk, N. & Leonard, H., 1 Feb 2016, In : Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 46, 2, p. 523-533 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
2 Citations (Scopus)

Onset of maternal psychiatric disorders after the birth of a child with autism spectrum disorder: A retrospective cohort study

Fairthorne, J., Jacoby, P., Bourke, J., De Klerk, N. & Leonard, H., 2016, In : Autism. 20, 1, p. 37-44

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Parental perspectives on the communication abilities of their daughters with Rett syndrome

Urbanowicz, A., Leonard, H., Girdler, S., Ciccone, N. & Downs, J., Jan 2016, In : Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 19, 1, p. 17-25 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Population-based prevalence of intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders in Western Australia

Bourke, J., De Klerk, N., Smith, T. & Leonard, H., May 2016, In : Medicine (United States). 95, 21, p. e3737

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
47 Citations (Scopus)

Prevalence and onset of comorbidities in the CDKL5 disorder differ from Rett syndrome

Mangatt, M., Wong, K., Anderson, B., Epstein, A., Hodgetts, S., Leonard, H. & Downs, J., 2016, In : Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 11, 1, p. 39 39 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)
10 Citations (Scopus)