4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review

R.S. De Jong, S.C. Barden, O. Bellido-Tirado, J.G. Brynnel, S. Frey, D. Giannone, R. Haynes, D. Johl, D. Phillips, O. Schnurr, J.C. Walcher, R. Winkler, W.R. Ansorge, S. Feltzing, R.G. McMahon, G. Baker, P. Caillier, T. Dwelly, W. Gaessler, O. Iwert & 20 others H.G. Mandel, N.A. Piskunov, J.H. Pragt, N.A. Walton, T. Bensby, M. Bergemann, C. Chiappini, N. Christlieb, M.R.L. Cioni, Simon Driver, A. Finoguenov, A. Helmi, M.J. Irwin, F.S. Kitaura, J.P. Kneib, J. Liske, A. Merloni, I. Minchev, J. Richard, E. Starkenburg

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

    38 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2016 SPIE.We present an overview of the 4MOST project at the Preliminary Design Review. 4MOST is a major new wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of ESO. 4MOST has a broad range of science goals ranging from Galactic Archaeology and stellar physics to the high-energy physics, galaxy evolution, and cosmology. Starting in 2021, 4MOST will deploy 2436 fibres in a 4.1 square degree field-of-view using a positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres will feed one high-resolution (R~20,000) and two medium resolution (R~5000) spectrographs with fixed 3-channel designs and identical 6k x 6k CCD detectors. 4MOST will have a unique operations concept in which 5-year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept, showing that we can expect to observe more than 25 million objects in each 5-year survey period and will eventually be used to plan and conduct the actual survey.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI
    EditorsCJ Evans, L Simard, H Takami
    PublisherS P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering
    Volume9908
    ISBN (Print)9781510601956
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Duration: 26 Jun 201630 Jun 2016

    Conference

    ConferenceGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityEdinburgh
    Period26/06/1630/06/16

    Fingerprint

    spectroscopic telescopes
    European Southern Observatory
    stellar physics
    archaeology
    physics
    spine
    fibers
    simulators
    cosmology
    spectrographs
    field of view
    charge coupled devices
    telescopes
    galaxies
    high resolution
    detectors

    Cite this

    De Jong, R. S., Barden, S. C., Bellido-Tirado, O., Brynnel, J. G., Frey, S., Giannone, D., ... Starkenburg, E. (2016). 4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review. In CJ. Evans, L. Simard, & H. Takami (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI (Vol. 9908). [99081O ] S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232832
    De Jong, R.S. ; Barden, S.C. ; Bellido-Tirado, O. ; Brynnel, J.G. ; Frey, S. ; Giannone, D. ; Haynes, R. ; Johl, D. ; Phillips, D. ; Schnurr, O. ; Walcher, J.C. ; Winkler, R. ; Ansorge, W.R. ; Feltzing, S. ; McMahon, R.G. ; Baker, G. ; Caillier, P. ; Dwelly, T. ; Gaessler, W. ; Iwert, O. ; Mandel, H.G. ; Piskunov, N.A. ; Pragt, J.H. ; Walton, N.A. ; Bensby, T. ; Bergemann, M. ; Chiappini, C. ; Christlieb, N. ; Cioni, M.R.L. ; Driver, Simon ; Finoguenov, A. ; Helmi, A. ; Irwin, M.J. ; Kitaura, F.S. ; Kneib, J.P. ; Liske, J. ; Merloni, A. ; Minchev, I. ; Richard, J. ; Starkenburg, E. / 4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review. Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. editor / CJ Evans ; L Simard ; H Takami. Vol. 9908 S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2016.
    @inproceedings{5bda9639ff294afb8a4399465370117b,
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    abstract = "{\circledC} 2016 SPIE.We present an overview of the 4MOST project at the Preliminary Design Review. 4MOST is a major new wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of ESO. 4MOST has a broad range of science goals ranging from Galactic Archaeology and stellar physics to the high-energy physics, galaxy evolution, and cosmology. Starting in 2021, 4MOST will deploy 2436 fibres in a 4.1 square degree field-of-view using a positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres will feed one high-resolution (R~20,000) and two medium resolution (R~5000) spectrographs with fixed 3-channel designs and identical 6k x 6k CCD detectors. 4MOST will have a unique operations concept in which 5-year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept, showing that we can expect to observe more than 25 million objects in each 5-year survey period and will eventually be used to plan and conduct the actual survey.",
    author = "{De Jong}, R.S. and S.C. Barden and O. Bellido-Tirado and J.G. Brynnel and S. Frey and D. Giannone and R. Haynes and D. Johl and D. Phillips and O. Schnurr and J.C. Walcher and R. Winkler and W.R. Ansorge and S. Feltzing and R.G. McMahon and G. Baker and P. Caillier and T. Dwelly and W. Gaessler and O. Iwert and H.G. Mandel and N.A. Piskunov and J.H. Pragt and N.A. Walton and T. Bensby and M. Bergemann and C. Chiappini and N. Christlieb and M.R.L. Cioni and Simon Driver and A. Finoguenov and A. Helmi and M.J. Irwin and F.S. Kitaura and J.P. Kneib and J. Liske and A. Merloni and I. Minchev and J. Richard and E. Starkenburg",
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    language = "English",
    isbn = "9781510601956",
    volume = "9908",
    editor = "CJ Evans and L Simard and H Takami",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI",
    publisher = "S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering",

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    De Jong, RS, Barden, SC, Bellido-Tirado, O, Brynnel, JG, Frey, S, Giannone, D, Haynes, R, Johl, D, Phillips, D, Schnurr, O, Walcher, JC, Winkler, R, Ansorge, WR, Feltzing, S, McMahon, RG, Baker, G, Caillier, P, Dwelly, T, Gaessler, W, Iwert, O, Mandel, HG, Piskunov, NA, Pragt, JH, Walton, NA, Bensby, T, Bergemann, M, Chiappini, C, Christlieb, N, Cioni, MRL, Driver, S, Finoguenov, A, Helmi, A, Irwin, MJ, Kitaura, FS, Kneib, JP, Liske, J, Merloni, A, Minchev, I, Richard, J & Starkenburg, E 2016, 4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review. in CJ Evans, L Simard & H Takami (eds), Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. vol. 9908, 99081O , S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering, Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232832

    4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review. / De Jong, R.S.; Barden, S.C.; Bellido-Tirado, O.; Brynnel, J.G.; Frey, S.; Giannone, D.; Haynes, R.; Johl, D.; Phillips, D.; Schnurr, O.; Walcher, J.C.; Winkler, R.; Ansorge, W.R.; Feltzing, S.; McMahon, R.G.; Baker, G.; Caillier, P.; Dwelly, T.; Gaessler, W.; Iwert, O.; Mandel, H.G.; Piskunov, N.A.; Pragt, J.H.; Walton, N.A.; Bensby, T.; Bergemann, M.; Chiappini, C.; Christlieb, N.; Cioni, M.R.L.; Driver, Simon; Finoguenov, A.; Helmi, A.; Irwin, M.J.; Kitaura, F.S.; Kneib, J.P.; Liske, J.; Merloni, A.; Minchev, I.; Richard, J.; Starkenburg, E.

    Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. ed. / CJ Evans; L Simard; H Takami. Vol. 9908 S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2016. 99081O .

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

    TY - GEN

    T1 - 4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review

    AU - De Jong, R.S.

    AU - Barden, S.C.

    AU - Bellido-Tirado, O.

    AU - Brynnel, J.G.

    AU - Frey, S.

    AU - Giannone, D.

    AU - Haynes, R.

    AU - Johl, D.

    AU - Phillips, D.

    AU - Schnurr, O.

    AU - Walcher, J.C.

    AU - Winkler, R.

    AU - Ansorge, W.R.

    AU - Feltzing, S.

    AU - McMahon, R.G.

    AU - Baker, G.

    AU - Caillier, P.

    AU - Dwelly, T.

    AU - Gaessler, W.

    AU - Iwert, O.

    AU - Mandel, H.G.

    AU - Piskunov, N.A.

    AU - Pragt, J.H.

    AU - Walton, N.A.

    AU - Bensby, T.

    AU - Bergemann, M.

    AU - Chiappini, C.

    AU - Christlieb, N.

    AU - Cioni, M.R.L.

    AU - Driver, Simon

    AU - Finoguenov, A.

    AU - Helmi, A.

    AU - Irwin, M.J.

    AU - Kitaura, F.S.

    AU - Kneib, J.P.

    AU - Liske, J.

    AU - Merloni, A.

    AU - Minchev, I.

    AU - Richard, J.

    AU - Starkenburg, E.

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - © 2016 SPIE.We present an overview of the 4MOST project at the Preliminary Design Review. 4MOST is a major new wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of ESO. 4MOST has a broad range of science goals ranging from Galactic Archaeology and stellar physics to the high-energy physics, galaxy evolution, and cosmology. Starting in 2021, 4MOST will deploy 2436 fibres in a 4.1 square degree field-of-view using a positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres will feed one high-resolution (R~20,000) and two medium resolution (R~5000) spectrographs with fixed 3-channel designs and identical 6k x 6k CCD detectors. 4MOST will have a unique operations concept in which 5-year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept, showing that we can expect to observe more than 25 million objects in each 5-year survey period and will eventually be used to plan and conduct the actual survey.

    AB - © 2016 SPIE.We present an overview of the 4MOST project at the Preliminary Design Review. 4MOST is a major new wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of ESO. 4MOST has a broad range of science goals ranging from Galactic Archaeology and stellar physics to the high-energy physics, galaxy evolution, and cosmology. Starting in 2021, 4MOST will deploy 2436 fibres in a 4.1 square degree field-of-view using a positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres will feed one high-resolution (R~20,000) and two medium resolution (R~5000) spectrographs with fixed 3-channel designs and identical 6k x 6k CCD detectors. 4MOST will have a unique operations concept in which 5-year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept, showing that we can expect to observe more than 25 million objects in each 5-year survey period and will eventually be used to plan and conduct the actual survey.

    U2 - 10.1117/12.2232832

    DO - 10.1117/12.2232832

    M3 - Conference paper

    SN - 9781510601956

    VL - 9908

    BT - Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI

    A2 - Evans, CJ

    A2 - Simard, L

    A2 - Takami, H

    PB - S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering

    ER -

    De Jong RS, Barden SC, Bellido-Tirado O, Brynnel JG, Frey S, Giannone D et al. 4MOST: The 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope project at preliminary design review. In Evans CJ, Simard L, Takami H, editors, Proceedings of SPIE: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. Vol. 9908. S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering. 2016. 99081O https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232832