4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope

R.S. De Jong, S.C. Barden, O. Bellido-Tirado, J.G. Brynnel, C. Chiappini, E. Depagne, R.D. Haynes, D. Johl, D.P. Phillips, O. Schnurr, A.D. Schwope, J. Walcher, S.M. Bauer, G. Cescutti, M.R.L. Cioni, F. Dionies, H. Enke, D.M. Haynes, A. Kelz, F. Kitaura & 93 others G. Lamer, I. Minchev, V. Müller, S.E. Nuza, J.C. Olaya, T. Piffl, E. Popow, A. Saviauk, M. Steinmetz, U. Ural, M. Valentini, R. Winkler, L. Wisotzki, W.R. Ansorge, M. Banerji, E.A. González-Solares, M.J. Irwin, R.C. Kennicutt, D.M.P. King, R.G. Mcmahon, S.E. Koposov, I.R. Parry, X. Sun, N.A. Walton, G. Finger, O. Iwert, M. Krumpe, J.L. Lizon, V. Mainieri, J.P. Amans, P. Bonifacio, M. Cohen, P. François, P. Jagourel, S.B. Mignot, F. Royer, P. Sartoretti, R. Bender, H.J. Hess, F. Lang-Bardl, B. Muschielok, J. Schlichter, H. Böhringer, T.H. Boller, A. Bongiorno, M. Brusa, T. Dwelly, A. Merloni, K. Nandra, M. Salvato, J.H. Pragt, R. Navarro, G. Gerlofsma, R. Roelfsema, G.B. Dalton, K.F. Middleton, I.A.J. Tosh, C. Boeche, E. Caffau, N. Christlieb, E.K. Grebel, C.J. Hansen, A. Koch, H.G. Ludwig, H.G. Mandel, A. Quirrenbach, L. Sbordone, W. Seifert, G. Thimm, A. Helmi, S.C. Trager, T. Bensby, S. Feltzing, G.R. Ruchti, B. Edvardsson, A.J. Korn, K. Lind, W.H.W.M. Boland, M. Colless, G. Frost, J.C. Gilbert, P.R. Gillingham, J. Lawrence, N. Legg, W.J. Saunders, A.I. Sheinis, Simon Driver, Aaron Robotham, R. Bacon, P. Caillier, J. Kosmalski, F. Laurent, J. Richard

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

    57 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2014 SPIE. 4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with ∼2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; ∼1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R18,000 (λ∼392-437 nm and 515-572 nm and 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    PublisherSPIE
    Pages91470M
    Volume9147
    ISBN (Print)9780819496157
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope - Montréal, Quebec, Canada
    Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …

    Conference

    Conference4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope
    Period1/01/14 → …

    Fingerprint

    spectroscopic telescopes
    spectrographs
    fibers
    European Southern Observatory
    Southern sky
    archaeology
    spine
    space missions
    systems engineering
    complement
    simulators
    cosmology
    field of view
    congressional reports
    telescopes
    galaxies
    requirements
    physics
    configurations

    Cite this

    De Jong, R. S., Barden, S. C., Bellido-Tirado, O., Brynnel, J. G., Chiappini, C., Depagne, E., ... Richard, J. (2014). 4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 9147, pp. 91470M). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2055826
    De Jong, R.S. ; Barden, S.C. ; Bellido-Tirado, O. ; Brynnel, J.G. ; Chiappini, C. ; Depagne, E. ; Haynes, R.D. ; Johl, D. ; Phillips, D.P. ; Schnurr, O. ; Schwope, A.D. ; Walcher, J. ; Bauer, S.M. ; Cescutti, G. ; Cioni, M.R.L. ; Dionies, F. ; Enke, H. ; Haynes, D.M. ; Kelz, A. ; Kitaura, F. ; Lamer, G. ; Minchev, I. ; Müller, V. ; Nuza, S.E. ; Olaya, J.C. ; Piffl, T. ; Popow, E. ; Saviauk, A. ; Steinmetz, M. ; Ural, U. ; Valentini, M. ; Winkler, R. ; Wisotzki, L. ; Ansorge, W.R. ; Banerji, M. ; González-Solares, E.A. ; Irwin, M.J. ; Kennicutt, R.C. ; King, D.M.P. ; Mcmahon, R.G. ; Koposov, S.E. ; Parry, I.R. ; Sun, X. ; Walton, N.A. ; Finger, G. ; Iwert, O. ; Krumpe, M. ; Lizon, J.L. ; Mainieri, V. ; Amans, J.P. ; Bonifacio, P. ; Cohen, M. ; François, P. ; Jagourel, P. ; Mignot, S.B. ; Royer, F. ; Sartoretti, P. ; Bender, R. ; Hess, H.J. ; Lang-Bardl, F. ; Muschielok, B. ; Schlichter, J. ; Böhringer, H. ; Boller, T.H. ; Bongiorno, A. ; Brusa, M. ; Dwelly, T. ; Merloni, A. ; Nandra, K. ; Salvato, M. ; Pragt, J.H. ; Navarro, R. ; Gerlofsma, G. ; Roelfsema, R. ; Dalton, G.B. ; Middleton, K.F. ; Tosh, I.A.J. ; Boeche, C. ; Caffau, E. ; Christlieb, N. ; Grebel, E.K. ; Hansen, C.J. ; Koch, A. ; Ludwig, H.G. ; Mandel, H.G. ; Quirrenbach, A. ; Sbordone, L. ; Seifert, W. ; Thimm, G. ; Helmi, A. ; Trager, S.C. ; Bensby, T. ; Feltzing, S. ; Ruchti, G.R. ; Edvardsson, B. ; Korn, A.J. ; Lind, K. ; Boland, W.H.W.M. ; Colless, M. ; Frost, G. ; Gilbert, J.C. ; Gillingham, P.R. ; Lawrence, J. ; Legg, N. ; Saunders, W.J. ; Sheinis, A.I. ; Driver, Simon ; Robotham, Aaron ; Bacon, R. ; Caillier, P. ; Kosmalski, J. ; Laurent, F. ; Richard, J. / 4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9147 SPIE, 2014. pp. 91470M
    @inproceedings{803180d81517497f9e4f6b52b3a88082,
    title = "4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope",
    abstract = "{\circledC} 2014 SPIE. 4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with ∼2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; ∼1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R18,000 (λ∼392-437 nm and 515-572 nm and 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].",
    author = "{De Jong}, R.S. and S.C. Barden and O. Bellido-Tirado and J.G. Brynnel and C. Chiappini and E. Depagne and R.D. Haynes and D. Johl and D.P. Phillips and O. Schnurr and A.D. Schwope and J. Walcher and S.M. Bauer and G. Cescutti and M.R.L. Cioni and F. Dionies and H. Enke and D.M. Haynes and A. Kelz and F. Kitaura and G. Lamer and I. Minchev and V. M{\"u}ller and S.E. Nuza and J.C. Olaya and T. Piffl and E. Popow and A. Saviauk and M. Steinmetz and U. Ural and M. Valentini and R. Winkler and L. Wisotzki and W.R. Ansorge and M. Banerji and E.A. Gonz{\'a}lez-Solares and M.J. Irwin and R.C. Kennicutt and D.M.P. King and R.G. Mcmahon and S.E. Koposov and I.R. Parry and X. Sun and N.A. Walton and G. Finger and O. Iwert and M. Krumpe and J.L. Lizon and V. Mainieri and J.P. Amans and P. Bonifacio and M. Cohen and P. Fran{\cc}ois and P. Jagourel and S.B. Mignot and F. Royer and P. Sartoretti and R. Bender and H.J. Hess and F. Lang-Bardl and B. Muschielok and J. Schlichter and H. B{\"o}hringer and T.H. Boller and A. Bongiorno and M. Brusa and T. Dwelly and A. Merloni and K. Nandra and M. Salvato and J.H. Pragt and R. Navarro and G. Gerlofsma and R. Roelfsema and G.B. Dalton and K.F. Middleton and I.A.J. Tosh and C. Boeche and E. Caffau and N. Christlieb and E.K. Grebel and C.J. Hansen and A. Koch and H.G. Ludwig and H.G. Mandel and A. Quirrenbach and L. Sbordone and W. Seifert and G. Thimm and A. Helmi and S.C. Trager and T. Bensby and S. Feltzing and G.R. Ruchti and B. Edvardsson and A.J. Korn and K. Lind and W.H.W.M. Boland and M. Colless and G. Frost and J.C. Gilbert and P.R. Gillingham and J. Lawrence and N. Legg and W.J. Saunders and A.I. Sheinis and Simon Driver and Aaron Robotham and R. Bacon and P. Caillier and J. Kosmalski and F. Laurent and J. Richard",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.1117/12.2055826",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9780819496157",
    volume = "9147",
    pages = "91470M",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
    publisher = "SPIE",
    address = "United States",

    }

    De Jong, RS, Barden, SC, Bellido-Tirado, O, Brynnel, JG, Chiappini, C, Depagne, E, Haynes, RD, Johl, D, Phillips, DP, Schnurr, O, Schwope, AD, Walcher, J, Bauer, SM, Cescutti, G, Cioni, MRL, Dionies, F, Enke, H, Haynes, DM, Kelz, A, Kitaura, F, Lamer, G, Minchev, I, Müller, V, Nuza, SE, Olaya, JC, Piffl, T, Popow, E, Saviauk, A, Steinmetz, M, Ural, U, Valentini, M, Winkler, R, Wisotzki, L, Ansorge, WR, Banerji, M, González-Solares, EA, Irwin, MJ, Kennicutt, RC, King, DMP, Mcmahon, RG, Koposov, SE, Parry, IR, Sun, X, Walton, NA, Finger, G, Iwert, O, Krumpe, M, Lizon, JL, Mainieri, V, Amans, JP, Bonifacio, P, Cohen, M, François, P, Jagourel, P, Mignot, SB, Royer, F, Sartoretti, P, Bender, R, Hess, HJ, Lang-Bardl, F, Muschielok, B, Schlichter, J, Böhringer, H, Boller, TH, Bongiorno, A, Brusa, M, Dwelly, T, Merloni, A, Nandra, K, Salvato, M, Pragt, JH, Navarro, R, Gerlofsma, G, Roelfsema, R, Dalton, GB, Middleton, KF, Tosh, IAJ, Boeche, C, Caffau, E, Christlieb, N, Grebel, EK, Hansen, CJ, Koch, A, Ludwig, HG, Mandel, HG, Quirrenbach, A, Sbordone, L, Seifert, W, Thimm, G, Helmi, A, Trager, SC, Bensby, T, Feltzing, S, Ruchti, GR, Edvardsson, B, Korn, AJ, Lind, K, Boland, WHWM, Colless, M, Frost, G, Gilbert, JC, Gillingham, PR, Lawrence, J, Legg, N, Saunders, WJ, Sheinis, AI, Driver, S, Robotham, A, Bacon, R, Caillier, P, Kosmalski, J, Laurent, F & Richard, J 2014, 4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 9147, SPIE, pp. 91470M, 4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope, 1/01/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2055826

    4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope. / De Jong, R.S.; Barden, S.C.; Bellido-Tirado, O.; Brynnel, J.G.; Chiappini, C.; Depagne, E.; Haynes, R.D.; Johl, D.; Phillips, D.P.; Schnurr, O.; Schwope, A.D.; Walcher, J.; Bauer, S.M.; Cescutti, G.; Cioni, M.R.L.; Dionies, F.; Enke, H.; Haynes, D.M.; Kelz, A.; Kitaura, F.; Lamer, G.; Minchev, I.; Müller, V.; Nuza, S.E.; Olaya, J.C.; Piffl, T.; Popow, E.; Saviauk, A.; Steinmetz, M.; Ural, U.; Valentini, M.; Winkler, R.; Wisotzki, L.; Ansorge, W.R.; Banerji, M.; González-Solares, E.A.; Irwin, M.J.; Kennicutt, R.C.; King, D.M.P.; Mcmahon, R.G.; Koposov, S.E.; Parry, I.R.; Sun, X.; Walton, N.A.; Finger, G.; Iwert, O.; Krumpe, M.; Lizon, J.L.; Mainieri, V.; Amans, J.P.; Bonifacio, P.; Cohen, M.; François, P.; Jagourel, P.; Mignot, S.B.; Royer, F.; Sartoretti, P.; Bender, R.; Hess, H.J.; Lang-Bardl, F.; Muschielok, B.; Schlichter, J.; Böhringer, H.; Boller, T.H.; Bongiorno, A.; Brusa, M.; Dwelly, T.; Merloni, A.; Nandra, K.; Salvato, M.; Pragt, J.H.; Navarro, R.; Gerlofsma, G.; Roelfsema, R.; Dalton, G.B.; Middleton, K.F.; Tosh, I.A.J.; Boeche, C.; Caffau, E.; Christlieb, N.; Grebel, E.K.; Hansen, C.J.; Koch, A.; Ludwig, H.G.; Mandel, H.G.; Quirrenbach, A.; Sbordone, L.; Seifert, W.; Thimm, G.; Helmi, A.; Trager, S.C.; Bensby, T.; Feltzing, S.; Ruchti, G.R.; Edvardsson, B.; Korn, A.J.; Lind, K.; Boland, W.H.W.M.; Colless, M.; Frost, G.; Gilbert, J.C.; Gillingham, P.R.; Lawrence, J.; Legg, N.; Saunders, W.J.; Sheinis, A.I.; Driver, Simon; Robotham, Aaron; Bacon, R.; Caillier, P.; Kosmalski, J.; Laurent, F.; Richard, J.

    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9147 SPIE, 2014. p. 91470M.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

    TY - GEN

    T1 - 4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope

    AU - De Jong, R.S.

    AU - Barden, S.C.

    AU - Bellido-Tirado, O.

    AU - Brynnel, J.G.

    AU - Chiappini, C.

    AU - Depagne, E.

    AU - Haynes, R.D.

    AU - Johl, D.

    AU - Phillips, D.P.

    AU - Schnurr, O.

    AU - Schwope, A.D.

    AU - Walcher, J.

    AU - Bauer, S.M.

    AU - Cescutti, G.

    AU - Cioni, M.R.L.

    AU - Dionies, F.

    AU - Enke, H.

    AU - Haynes, D.M.

    AU - Kelz, A.

    AU - Kitaura, F.

    AU - Lamer, G.

    AU - Minchev, I.

    AU - Müller, V.

    AU - Nuza, S.E.

    AU - Olaya, J.C.

    AU - Piffl, T.

    AU - Popow, E.

    AU - Saviauk, A.

    AU - Steinmetz, M.

    AU - Ural, U.

    AU - Valentini, M.

    AU - Winkler, R.

    AU - Wisotzki, L.

    AU - Ansorge, W.R.

    AU - Banerji, M.

    AU - González-Solares, E.A.

    AU - Irwin, M.J.

    AU - Kennicutt, R.C.

    AU - King, D.M.P.

    AU - Mcmahon, R.G.

    AU - Koposov, S.E.

    AU - Parry, I.R.

    AU - Sun, X.

    AU - Walton, N.A.

    AU - Finger, G.

    AU - Iwert, O.

    AU - Krumpe, M.

    AU - Lizon, J.L.

    AU - Mainieri, V.

    AU - Amans, J.P.

    AU - Bonifacio, P.

    AU - Cohen, M.

    AU - François, P.

    AU - Jagourel, P.

    AU - Mignot, S.B.

    AU - Royer, F.

    AU - Sartoretti, P.

    AU - Bender, R.

    AU - Hess, H.J.

    AU - Lang-Bardl, F.

    AU - Muschielok, B.

    AU - Schlichter, J.

    AU - Böhringer, H.

    AU - Boller, T.H.

    AU - Bongiorno, A.

    AU - Brusa, M.

    AU - Dwelly, T.

    AU - Merloni, A.

    AU - Nandra, K.

    AU - Salvato, M.

    AU - Pragt, J.H.

    AU - Navarro, R.

    AU - Gerlofsma, G.

    AU - Roelfsema, R.

    AU - Dalton, G.B.

    AU - Middleton, K.F.

    AU - Tosh, I.A.J.

    AU - Boeche, C.

    AU - Caffau, E.

    AU - Christlieb, N.

    AU - Grebel, E.K.

    AU - Hansen, C.J.

    AU - Koch, A.

    AU - Ludwig, H.G.

    AU - Mandel, H.G.

    AU - Quirrenbach, A.

    AU - Sbordone, L.

    AU - Seifert, W.

    AU - Thimm, G.

    AU - Helmi, A.

    AU - Trager, S.C.

    AU - Bensby, T.

    AU - Feltzing, S.

    AU - Ruchti, G.R.

    AU - Edvardsson, B.

    AU - Korn, A.J.

    AU - Lind, K.

    AU - Boland, W.H.W.M.

    AU - Colless, M.

    AU - Frost, G.

    AU - Gilbert, J.C.

    AU - Gillingham, P.R.

    AU - Lawrence, J.

    AU - Legg, N.

    AU - Saunders, W.J.

    AU - Sheinis, A.I.

    AU - Driver, Simon

    AU - Robotham, Aaron

    AU - Bacon, R.

    AU - Caillier, P.

    AU - Kosmalski, J.

    AU - Laurent, F.

    AU - Richard, J.

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - © 2014 SPIE. 4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with ∼2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; ∼1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R18,000 (λ∼392-437 nm and 515-572 nm and 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].

    AB - © 2014 SPIE. 4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with ∼2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; ∼1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R18,000 (λ∼392-437 nm and 515-572 nm and 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].

    U2 - 10.1117/12.2055826

    DO - 10.1117/12.2055826

    M3 - Conference paper

    SN - 9780819496157

    VL - 9147

    SP - 91470M

    BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

    PB - SPIE

    ER -

    De Jong RS, Barden SC, Bellido-Tirado O, Brynnel JG, Chiappini C, Depagne E et al. 4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9147. SPIE. 2014. p. 91470M https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2055826