4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope

R.S. De Jong, S.C. Barden, O. Bellido-Tirado, J.G. Brynnel, C. Chiappini, E. Depagne, R.D. Haynes, D. Johl, D.P. Phillips, O. Schnurr, A.D. Schwope, J. Walcher, S.M. Bauer, G. Cescutti, M.R.L. Cioni, F. Dionies, H. Enke, D.M. Haynes, A. Kelz, F. KitauraG. Lamer, I. Minchev, V. Müller, S.E. Nuza, J.C. Olaya, T. Piffl, E. Popow, A. Saviauk, M. Steinmetz, U. Ural, M. Valentini, R. Winkler, L. Wisotzki, W.R. Ansorge, M. Banerji, E.A. González-Solares, M.J. Irwin, R.C. Kennicutt, D.M.P. King, R.G. Mcmahon, S.E. Koposov, I.R. Parry, X. Sun, N.A. Walton, G. Finger, O. Iwert, M. Krumpe, J.L. Lizon, V. Mainieri, J.P. Amans, P. Bonifacio, M. Cohen, P. François, P. Jagourel, S.B. Mignot, F. Royer, P. Sartoretti, R. Bender, H.J. Hess, F. Lang-Bardl, B. Muschielok, J. Schlichter, H. Böhringer, T.H. Boller, A. Bongiorno, M. Brusa, T. Dwelly, A. Merloni, K. Nandra, M. Salvato, J.H. Pragt, R. Navarro, G. Gerlofsma, R. Roelfsema, G.B. Dalton, K.F. Middleton, I.A.J. Tosh, C. Boeche, E. Caffau, N. Christlieb, E.K. Grebel, C.J. Hansen, A. Koch, H.G. Ludwig, H.G. Mandel, A. Quirrenbach, L. Sbordone, W. Seifert, G. Thimm, A. Helmi, S.C. Trager, T. Bensby, S. Feltzing, G.R. Ruchti, B. Edvardsson, A.J. Korn, K. Lind, W.H.W.M. Boland, M. Colless, G. Frost, J.C. Gilbert, P.R. Gillingham, J. Lawrence, N. Legg, W.J. Saunders, A.I. Sheinis, Simon Driver, Aaron Robotham, R. Bacon, P. Caillier, J. Kosmalski, F. Laurent, J. Richard

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    © 2014 SPIE. 4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with ∼2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; ∼1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R18,000 (λ∼392-437 nm and 515-572 nm and 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    ISBN (Print)9780819496157
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope - Montréal, Quebec, Canada
    Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …


    Conference4MOST: 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope
    Period1/01/14 → …


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