3D structural modelling and implications for targeting gold mineralisation in western Victoria

F.C. Murphy, T.J. Rawling, C.J.L. Wilson, L.J. Dugdale, John Miller

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    Abstract

    A 150 x 150 km area of western Victoria has been modelled in three dimensions to a depth of similar to 20 km. This was constructed through integrated analysis and serial cross-sections of geological and geophysical datasets, utilising mapped positions of major faults, intrusive bodies and lithostratigraphic packages as primary inputs. These are extrapolated to depth and under cover through interpretation of upward continued multiscale wavelet edges of aeromagnetic and gravity data, inversion of the gravity field and the positions of acoustic boundaries. The objective was to develop an understanding of crustal structure in the context of gold mineralisation potential. The upper crustal structure is modelled as comprising a planar array of northwest-trending, steep to moderate inclined mainly east-dipping faults (Moyston, Pleasant Creek). These are interpreted to merge with a basal detachment (Western Fault), This elongate dome-shaped detachment overlies a buried wedge of inferred Proterozoic basement. We suggest that gold distribution in the upper crust may be influenced by the position in the mid-crust of the leading edge of the wedge and its interface with the mafic substrate that largely encloses it. The Coongee Fault appears to be a first-order regional-scale control on the localisation of gold deposits adjacent to basaltic dome prospects in the Stawell corridor. It represents a backthrust, with superimposed sinistral transpression, and is interpreted to have developed above the mid-crustal ramp detachment, Cross-faults that intersect the Coongee Fault may have high exploration potential for localising both orogenic- and intrusion-related gold.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)875-889
    JournalAustralian Journal of Earth Sciences
    Volume53
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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