Due to environmental constraints and limitations on blasting, ripping as a ground loosening and breaking method has become more popular than drilling and blasting method in both mining and civil engineering applications. The best way of estimating the rippability of rocks is to conduct direct ripping runs in the field. However, it is not possible to conduct direct ripping runs in all sites using different dozer types. Therefore, the utilization of numerical modeling of ripping systems becomes unavoidable. A complex ripping system can better be understood with three-dimensional (3D) models rather than two-dimensional models. In this study, 3D distinct element program called 3DEC was used to investigate the ripping process. First, the ripping mechanisms were investigated and then the individual factors that affect the rippability performance of dozers were reviewed. The rippabilities of rocks depend not only on the rock properties, but also machine or dozer properties. Thus, ripper production and rock rippability with D8 type of dozers were also determined by direct ripping runs on different open pit lignite mines within the scope of this research. Production values obtained from numerical modeling were compared with field production values obtained from the case studies. This comparison shows that the model gives consistent and adequate results. Hence, a link has been established between the field results and the 3D models. © 2008 ASCE.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Geomechanics|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|