3D Geological Modeling for Mineral System Approach to GIS-Based Prospectivity Analysis: Case Study of an MVT Pb–Zn Deposit

Nan Li, Xianglong Song, Cangbai Li, Keyan Xiao, Shengmiao Li, Haiyan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mineral system modeling approach is useful for assessing the likelihood of occurrences of a type of mineral deposit, which are described using two characteristics: spatial scales modeling and relevant geochemical processes. Possible spatial scales include the craton, region, district, and deposit scales. At each scale, geological modeling is an important aid to exhibit favorable features of mineralization at two-dimension (2D) and three-dimension (3D). Commonly, 3D geometry can be used to restructure geological anomaly at deposit and district/camp scales for quantitative mineral resources assessment. However, they are sensitive to input datasets. Thus, in a sense, the reliability of a 3D geological model depends on how much data have been collected at both ground surface and depth. In addition, the components of dataset also constrain what geological modeling method can be used. In this paper, dynamic updatability is considered as one of the metrics to assess 3D geological modeling methods. This paper discusses different 3D geological modeling processes and compares the ease ability to update. A case study was conducted to analyze the ore-bearing formations and structure of a potential Mississippi valley-type (MVT) Pb–Zn deposit in the Huayuan–Malichang District, Hunan Province, China. The contributions of this study include (1) analyzing what kinds of datasets must be collected for geological modeling at deposit and district scales; (2) the use of multiple 3D modeling processes; and (3) comparing metric what updatability between different 3D modeling processes is. Finally, this paper discusses an integration model based on the above demonstration and other studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNatural Resources Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mississippi Valley-type deposit
GIS
mineral
modeling
analysis
resource assessment
mineral deposit
mineral resource
craton
aid
mineralization
anomaly
geometry

Cite this

Li, Nan ; Song, Xianglong ; Li, Cangbai ; Xiao, Keyan ; Li, Shengmiao ; Chen, Haiyan. / 3D Geological Modeling for Mineral System Approach to GIS-Based Prospectivity Analysis : Case Study of an MVT Pb–Zn Deposit. In: Natural Resources Research. 2018.
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3D Geological Modeling for Mineral System Approach to GIS-Based Prospectivity Analysis : Case Study of an MVT Pb–Zn Deposit. / Li, Nan; Song, Xianglong; Li, Cangbai; Xiao, Keyan; Li, Shengmiao; Chen, Haiyan.

In: Natural Resources Research, 16.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - 3D Geological Modeling for Mineral System Approach to GIS-Based Prospectivity Analysis

T2 - Case Study of an MVT Pb–Zn Deposit

AU - Li, Nan

AU - Song, Xianglong

AU - Li, Cangbai

AU - Xiao, Keyan

AU - Li, Shengmiao

AU - Chen, Haiyan

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AB - Mineral system modeling approach is useful for assessing the likelihood of occurrences of a type of mineral deposit, which are described using two characteristics: spatial scales modeling and relevant geochemical processes. Possible spatial scales include the craton, region, district, and deposit scales. At each scale, geological modeling is an important aid to exhibit favorable features of mineralization at two-dimension (2D) and three-dimension (3D). Commonly, 3D geometry can be used to restructure geological anomaly at deposit and district/camp scales for quantitative mineral resources assessment. However, they are sensitive to input datasets. Thus, in a sense, the reliability of a 3D geological model depends on how much data have been collected at both ground surface and depth. In addition, the components of dataset also constrain what geological modeling method can be used. In this paper, dynamic updatability is considered as one of the metrics to assess 3D geological modeling methods. This paper discusses different 3D geological modeling processes and compares the ease ability to update. A case study was conducted to analyze the ore-bearing formations and structure of a potential Mississippi valley-type (MVT) Pb–Zn deposit in the Huayuan–Malichang District, Hunan Province, China. The contributions of this study include (1) analyzing what kinds of datasets must be collected for geological modeling at deposit and district scales; (2) the use of multiple 3D modeling processes; and (3) comparing metric what updatability between different 3D modeling processes is. Finally, this paper discusses an integration model based on the above demonstration and other studies.

KW - 3D modeling

KW - Contours interpolation

KW - Geological model

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