3D FEM analysis of pounding response of bridge structures at a canyon site to spatially varying ground motions

Kaiming Bi, Hong Hao, N. Chouw

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Previous studies of pounding responses of adjacent bridge structures under seismic excitation were usually based on the simplified lumped mass model or beamcolumn element model. Consequently, only 1D point to point pounding, which is usually in the longitudinal direction of the bridge, could be considered. In reality, pounding could occur along the entire surfaces of the adjacent bridge structures. Moreover, spatially varying transverse ground motions generate torsional responses of bridge decks and these responses may cause eccentric poundings. That is why many pounding damages occurred at corners of the adjacent decks as observed in almost all previous major earthquakes. A simplified 1D model cannot capture torsional response and eccentric poundings. To more realistically investigate pounding between adjacent bridge structures, a two-span simply-supported bridge structure located at a canyon site is established with a detailed 3D finite element model in the present study. Spatially varying ground motions in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions at the bridge supports are stochastically simulated as inputs in the analysis. The pounding responses of the bridge structure under multi-component spatially varying ground motions are investigated in detail by using the finite element code LS-DYNA. Numerical results show that the detailed 3D finite element model clearly captures the eccentric poundings of bridge decks, which may induce local damage around the corners of bridge decks. It demonstrates the necessity of detailed 3D modelling for a more realistic simulation of pounding responses of adjacent bridge decks to earthquake excitations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)619-640
    JournalAdvances in structural engineering
    Volume16
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Bridge decks
    Finite element method
    Earthquakes

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    title = "3D FEM analysis of pounding response of bridge structures at a canyon site to spatially varying ground motions",
    abstract = "Previous studies of pounding responses of adjacent bridge structures under seismic excitation were usually based on the simplified lumped mass model or beamcolumn element model. Consequently, only 1D point to point pounding, which is usually in the longitudinal direction of the bridge, could be considered. In reality, pounding could occur along the entire surfaces of the adjacent bridge structures. Moreover, spatially varying transverse ground motions generate torsional responses of bridge decks and these responses may cause eccentric poundings. That is why many pounding damages occurred at corners of the adjacent decks as observed in almost all previous major earthquakes. A simplified 1D model cannot capture torsional response and eccentric poundings. To more realistically investigate pounding between adjacent bridge structures, a two-span simply-supported bridge structure located at a canyon site is established with a detailed 3D finite element model in the present study. Spatially varying ground motions in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions at the bridge supports are stochastically simulated as inputs in the analysis. The pounding responses of the bridge structure under multi-component spatially varying ground motions are investigated in detail by using the finite element code LS-DYNA. Numerical results show that the detailed 3D finite element model clearly captures the eccentric poundings of bridge decks, which may induce local damage around the corners of bridge decks. It demonstrates the necessity of detailed 3D modelling for a more realistic simulation of pounding responses of adjacent bridge decks to earthquake excitations.",
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    3D FEM analysis of pounding response of bridge structures at a canyon site to spatially varying ground motions. / Bi, Kaiming; Hao, Hong; Chouw, N.

    In: Advances in structural engineering, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2013, p. 619-640.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Hao, Hong

    AU - Chouw, N.

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    AB - Previous studies of pounding responses of adjacent bridge structures under seismic excitation were usually based on the simplified lumped mass model or beamcolumn element model. Consequently, only 1D point to point pounding, which is usually in the longitudinal direction of the bridge, could be considered. In reality, pounding could occur along the entire surfaces of the adjacent bridge structures. Moreover, spatially varying transverse ground motions generate torsional responses of bridge decks and these responses may cause eccentric poundings. That is why many pounding damages occurred at corners of the adjacent decks as observed in almost all previous major earthquakes. A simplified 1D model cannot capture torsional response and eccentric poundings. To more realistically investigate pounding between adjacent bridge structures, a two-span simply-supported bridge structure located at a canyon site is established with a detailed 3D finite element model in the present study. Spatially varying ground motions in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions at the bridge supports are stochastically simulated as inputs in the analysis. The pounding responses of the bridge structure under multi-component spatially varying ground motions are investigated in detail by using the finite element code LS-DYNA. Numerical results show that the detailed 3D finite element model clearly captures the eccentric poundings of bridge decks, which may induce local damage around the corners of bridge decks. It demonstrates the necessity of detailed 3D modelling for a more realistic simulation of pounding responses of adjacent bridge decks to earthquake excitations.

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