3D bolted cohesive element for the modelling of bolt-reinforced rough rock-shotcrete interfaces

Xiangjian Dong, Ali Karrech, Mohamed Elchalakani, Chongchong Qi, Mirko Manca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)


In this paper, we develop a novel 3D computational method that describes the behaviour of rock bolts and rough rock-shotcrete interfaces as support systems. Specifically, a Finite Element model has been formulated and implemented using the user-defined element (UEL) subroutine with ABAQUS. The input parameters of the bolted cohesive model are determined experimentally. Once the location of the bolts is defined, the overall force-displacement performance of the system can be simulated. In addition, the rough interface is modelled as a combination of ‘bond’ and ‘Coulomb-friction’ laws where the cohesive stiffness reduces with degradation. To validate the model, we compared its outputs to the results of direct shear and bolt pull-out tests; a good agreement between the two approaches has been obtained. In addition, a mesh independent result is observed for the overall force-displacement response, which makes our model particularly fast and efficient. Furthermore, we conducted a parametric study by investigating the effects of number of bolts, bolt installation angle and pretension on the overall behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103659
JournalComputers and Geotechnics
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020


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