3-D tooth movement adjacent to single anterior implants and esthetic outcome. A 14- to 20-year follow-up study

Nicole Winitsky, Aron Naimi-Akbar, Robert Nedelcu, Torsten Jemt, Jan-Ivan Smedberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)


OBJECTIVES: To report three-dimensional (3-D) movement of teeth adjacent to single-implant crowns (SICs) in the anterior maxilla and to relate the findings to patient characteristics and esthetic outcome.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3-D movements of teeth adjacent to anterior maxillary SICs were measured in 30 patients with original SICs in function after 14-20 years. The movements were related to facial type, lower anterior facial height (LAFH), age at crown delivery, sex, the position of the implant, implant occlusion, cause of tooth loss, follow-up period, orthodontic treatment prior to implant placement, and marginal bone-level changes. The esthetic outcome and quality were assessed using Visual Analog scale (VAS) and California Dental Association (CDA) index.

RESULTS: 3-D movement of adjacent teeth between 0 and 2.5 mm was observed at follow-up with incisal and palatal movement being most pronounced. Incisal tooth movement of >1 mm was observed in 30% of the patients and was significantly associated with LAFH ≥70 mm. VAS rating associated poorly between patients and clinicians with scores of >80% in 63% and 20%, respectively. The CDA rating was assessed as satisfactory in 87% of the patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Significantly more extensive infraposition was observed in patients with SICs without occlusion, other causes of tooth loss than trauma, implant in lateral incisor and canine position, and a LAFH of ≥70 mm. Although infraposition occurs, patients are highly satisfied with the esthetics of their implants and the esthetic results are valued as higher by patients than dentists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1328-1340
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Issue number11
Early online date17 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


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