1.2 Ga thermal metamorphism in the Albany-Fraser Orogen of Western Australia : consequence of collision or regional heating by dyke swarms?

G.C. Dawson, B. Krapez, I.R. Fletcher, Neal Mcnaughton, Birger Rasmussen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Compressive fabrics in the Late Palaeoproterozoic Mount Barren Group of the Albany-Fraser Orogen, southwestern Australia, record Mesoproterozoic collision between proto-Australia and proto-Antarctica. Petrographical evidence establishes that peak thermal metamorphism produced largely random growth of kyanite, staurolite, biotite, monazite and xenotime that overprinted those fabrics. SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology of xenotime and monazite yields an average age of 1205 +/- 10 Ma. Thermal metamorphism therefore occurred at least 45 Ma after fabric formation, and was unlikely to have been caused by collision. Rather, thermal metamorphism overlapped with the emplacement of 1215-1202 Ma dyke swarms into the Orogen and the adjacent Yilgarn Craton, and was followed by emplacement of 1200-1180 Ma granites. Regional heating associated with mafic magmatism was the probable cause of thermal metamorphism, but previous proposals that the dyke swarms were the consequence of collision or extensional orogenic collapse cannot be substantiated. A regional thermal anomaly, craton-scale extension and adiabatic decompression melting of the asthenosphere are implied, but causal mechanisms such as a mantle plume or intracontinental rifting require substantiation from other parts of East Gondwana. The significant time gap between orogenic deformation and thermal metamorphism implies that metamorphism in many other orogens may not necessarily be due to compressive tectonics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-37
    JournalJournal of the Geological Society
    Volume160
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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    dike swarm
    metamorphism
    collision
    heating
    xenotime
    monazite
    craton
    emplacement
    staurolite
    kyanite
    mantle plume
    asthenosphere
    decompression
    geochronology
    Gondwana
    temperature anomaly
    rifting
    magmatism
    biotite
    melting

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    title = "1.2 Ga thermal metamorphism in the Albany-Fraser Orogen of Western Australia : consequence of collision or regional heating by dyke swarms?",
    abstract = "Compressive fabrics in the Late Palaeoproterozoic Mount Barren Group of the Albany-Fraser Orogen, southwestern Australia, record Mesoproterozoic collision between proto-Australia and proto-Antarctica. Petrographical evidence establishes that peak thermal metamorphism produced largely random growth of kyanite, staurolite, biotite, monazite and xenotime that overprinted those fabrics. SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology of xenotime and monazite yields an average age of 1205 +/- 10 Ma. Thermal metamorphism therefore occurred at least 45 Ma after fabric formation, and was unlikely to have been caused by collision. Rather, thermal metamorphism overlapped with the emplacement of 1215-1202 Ma dyke swarms into the Orogen and the adjacent Yilgarn Craton, and was followed by emplacement of 1200-1180 Ma granites. Regional heating associated with mafic magmatism was the probable cause of thermal metamorphism, but previous proposals that the dyke swarms were the consequence of collision or extensional orogenic collapse cannot be substantiated. A regional thermal anomaly, craton-scale extension and adiabatic decompression melting of the asthenosphere are implied, but causal mechanisms such as a mantle plume or intracontinental rifting require substantiation from other parts of East Gondwana. The significant time gap between orogenic deformation and thermal metamorphism implies that metamorphism in many other orogens may not necessarily be due to compressive tectonics.",
    author = "G.C. Dawson and B. Krapez and I.R. Fletcher and Neal Mcnaughton and Birger Rasmussen",
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    1.2 Ga thermal metamorphism in the Albany-Fraser Orogen of Western Australia : consequence of collision or regional heating by dyke swarms? / Dawson, G.C.; Krapez, B.; Fletcher, I.R.; Mcnaughton, Neal; Rasmussen, Birger.

    In: Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 160, No. 1, 2003, p. 29-37.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - 1.2 Ga thermal metamorphism in the Albany-Fraser Orogen of Western Australia : consequence of collision or regional heating by dyke swarms?

    AU - Dawson, G.C.

    AU - Krapez, B.

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    AU - Mcnaughton, Neal

    AU - Rasmussen, Birger

    PY - 2003

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