(11Z,13E)-Hexadecadien-1-yl Acetate: Sex Pheromone of the Grass Webworm Herpetogramma licarsisalis—Identification, Synthesis, and Field Bioassays

Andrew R. Gibb, D. Max Suckling, Ashraf M. El-Sayed, Björn Bohman, C. Rikard Unelius, Jennifer J. Dymock, Michelle L. Larsen, Bruce E. Willoughby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The grass webworm Herpetogramma licarsisalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), which has recently established in pasture in Northland, New Zealand, is an important pest of many tropical and subtropical grasses. Two pheromone components, (Z)-11-hexadecen-1-yl acetate (Z11–16:Ac) and (11Z,13E)-hexadecadien-1-yl acetate (Z11,E13–16:Ac), were identified in pheromone gland extracts of female moths by gas chromatography (GC), GC-electroantennographic detection, and GC-mass spectrometry in conjunction with microchemical tests (dimethyldisulfide and 4-methyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione derivatizations). Z11,E13–16:Ac and its geometric isomer (11E,13Z)-hexadecadien-1-yl acetate (E11,Z13–16:Ac) were synthesized via stereoselective Wittig reactions, and the identity of the diene present in the pheromone glands was confirmed to be Z11,E13–16:Ac. Field bioassays at Indooroopilly in Brisbane, Australia, established that Z11,E13–16:Ac was necessary and sufficient for attraction of male grass webworm moths and that the corresponding alcohol, (11Z,13E)-hexadecadien-1-ol (Z11,E13–16:OH), had a strong inhibitory effect on trap catches at the ratios tested. When mixed with Z11,E13–16:Ac in various ratios, Z11–16:Ac had no effect on the attractiveness of lures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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