• The University of Western Australia (M251), 35 Stirling Highway,

    6009 Perth


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Personal profile


  • I am a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) at the Business School of the University of Western Australia. I received my PhD degrees from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) in 2015 and Peking University in 2005. 
  • Personal Homepage: https://sites.google.com/site/xgchenist/

Research interests

  • Primary Fields: Public Economics; Misallocation; Development and Growth
  • Secondary Fields: Innovation; Natural Resources and Environment; Inequality; Economy of China


English Articles

  1. "Vulnerability to Tax Enforcement and Spillovers of Corruption: Cross-industry Evidence from China", (Solo), Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. https://doi.org/10.1093/jleo/ewac019
  2. (2021) "What Impairs the `Money Machine' of VAT in Developing Countries?" (with Harsha Konara Mudiyanselage), International Tax and Public Finance, Nov, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10797-021-09705-x
  3. (2021) “Misallocation and TFP Slowdown over Two Decades: A Firm-Level Analysis in Sri Lanka’s Manufacturing” (with Ranpati Dewage Thilini Sumudu Kumari, Sam Hak Kan Tang, Bei Li), Applied Economics, 53:38, 4417-4435,
  4. (2020) "Dynamics of Local Cadre Appointment in China" (with Yong Liu, and Xianxiang Xu), China Economic Review, Vol. 64(12).
  5. (2020) "Tax Effort in Developing Countries: Where is Sri Lanka?" (with Harsha Konara Mudiyanselage, and Anu Rammohan), Journal of Tax Administration, Vol. 6 (1), pp. 162-189.
  6. (2017) “The Effect of a Fiscal Squeeze on Tax Enforcement: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in China” (Solo), Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 147 (3), pp. 62-76.
  7. (2017) “VAT Rate Dispersion and TFP Loss in China's Manufacturing Sector” (Solo), Economic Letters, Vol. 155, June, pp. 49-54.

Chinese Articles

  1. (2018) “How does Fiscal Pressure Affect the Public Service Provision by County Governments?” (with Jingwen Yu, and Liutang Gong), Journal of Financial Research (Jin Rong Yan Jiu in Chinese《金融研究》), 2018, Issue 1, pp. 18-
  2. (2016) “Fiscal Pressure, Tax Enforcement, and Regional Inequality,” (Solo), Social Science in China (Zhong Guo She Hui Ke Xue in Chinese《中国社会科学》), 2016, Issue 4, pp. 53-70. (Top 1 among all Chinese journals on social sciences, (CNKI) Impact Factor: 4.07)
  3. (2015) “History of British Tax Reform and Implications to China,” (with Wenchun Zhang), International Tax in China (Guo Ji Shui Shou in Chinese《国际税收》), 2015, Issue 9, pp. 62-66.
  4. (2013) “The Assessment of Production Efficiency Loss Caused by VAT in China,” (Solo), Social Science in China (Zhong Guo She Hui Ke Xue in Chinese《中国社会科学》), 2013, Issue 8, pp. 67-84. (Top 1 among all Chinese journals on social sciences, (CNKI) Impact Factor: 4.07)(Collected in Impact and Perspective of VAT Reform in China, 2016, Publishing House of Renmin University of China, Beijing, China.)
  5. (2010) “Credit Constraint, Government Consumption, and Real Business Cycle in China,” (with Yulin Zhang), Economic Research Journal (Jin Ji Yan Jiu in Chinese《经济研究》), 2010, Issue 12, pp. 48-56. (Top 1 among all Chinese journals in economics, (CNKI) Impact Factor: 6.294)
  6. (2006) “Human Capital, Innovation, and Economic Growth,” (Solo), Economic Research Journal (Jin Ji Yan Jiu in Chinese《经济研究》), 2006, Issue 10, pp. 18-29. (Top 1 among all Chinese journal in economics, (CNKI) Impact Factor: 6.294) (Collected in Investing in Health and Education for Economic Development in China, the World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd, April, 2010)
  7. (2005) “Downward Compatibility of Human Capital and its Implication for the Cross-Country Income Level Accounting,” (Solo), Economic Research Journal (Jin Ji Yan Jiu in Chinese《经济研究》), 2005, Issue 4, pp. 46-56. (Top 1 among all Chinese journal in economics, (CNKI) Impact Factor: 6.294)
  8. (2005) “Structural Change and Economic Growth.” (with Liutang Gong) Economics Quarterly Journal (Jin Ji Xue Ji Kan in Chinese《经济学(季刊)》), 2005, Issue 3, pp. 583-604. (Top 2-5 among all Chinese journal in economics, (CNKI) Impact Factor: 3.478)
  9. (2005) “A Survey on Cross-country Income Difference Studies,” (Solo), Economic Perspectives (Jin Ji Xue Dong Tai in Chinese《经济学动态》), 2005, Issue 5, pp. 95-98.

Current projects

  • "Environmental Regulation, Local Vulnerability and Enforcement – Evidence from China", (with Zhao Li and Bingyang Lv, China)
  • "Burden of Knowledge and the Limits to Growth", (solo)
  • "Taxational Resource Curse – Evidence from China", (with Jie Bai, USA)
  • "Firm Clustering and Taxation – Evidence from China", (with Qi dong and Xiaobo Zhang, China)
  • "Land Mis-allocation, Collateral Effects, and Production Efficiency Loss in China", (with Enhui Kou and Longjian Yang, China)

Future research

  • "Misallocation and Aggregate Productivity Gain from Tax Enforcement – Evidence from a Fiscal Squeeze Experiment in China", (with Yanchao Xu)
  • "Oilfield Discovery, Debt Default Risk and Tax Policy", (with Yu-Hsiang Lei)
  • "Cleaner Book after a Closer Look? – Evidence from China on the Effect of Tax Enforcement on Listed Companies' Profits Reporting"
  • "Can Central SOE Affect the Local Tax Enforcement in China?"

Funding overview

(Totalling AU$733,332 for eleven projects since 2010; AU$409,000 for six ongoing projects)

  • 2023-2026, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 72263034), ~56,000 AUD (280,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2022-2025, Key Project of Social Science Funds of China (No. 22AZD017), ~70,000 AUD (350,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2022-2025, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 72173115), ~84,000 AUD (420,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2021-2022, UWA Business School Futures Fund Research Grants, 5,000 AUD, Chief Investigator
  • 2020-2023, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 71973158), ~98,000 AUD (490,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2020-2023, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 71973017), ~96,000 AUD (480,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2018-2021, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 71773125), ~96,000 AUD (480,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2018, UWA Business School Visiting Early Career Researcher Scheme with Dr. Yu-Hsiang Lei, 4,472 AUD, Liaison person
  • 2015-2016, UWA Business School Research Development Awards, 9,860 AUD, Chief investigator
  • 2014-2017, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 71373026), ~116,000 AUD (580,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2012-2015, National Science Funds (NSF) of China (No. 71173019), ~88,000 AUD (440,000 CNY), Principal investigator
  • 2010-2011, International Development Research Council (IDRC), ~10,000 AUD (10,000 CAD), Chief investigator


Research Awards

  • 2017, UNU-WIDER travel fund, United Nations University
  • 2015, Michio Morishima Fund, STICERD, LSE
  • 2015, Best Paper Award, Annual Public Finance Forum in China 
  • 2014, Coase Institute Fellowship, Coase Institute
  • 2005, Gregory Chow Best Paper Award, Chinese Economists Society
  • 2005, Best Dissertation Award of Peking University, Peking University
  • 2005, Best Dissertation Award of China, China International Capital Corporation

Teaching overview

  • Public Economics (ECON4405/ECON5519)
  • Intermediate Mathematics (ECON3272)
  • Business Econometrics (ECON2271)
  • Economic Research and Evaluation Methods (ECON5514)
  • Applied Macroeconomics (ECON3303)

Roles and responsibilities


  • PhD
    • Muhammad Khoerul Mubin (2022-2025, With Dr. Leandro Magnusson);
    • Sineth Kannangara Koralalage (2021-2024, With Prof. Yanrui Wu);
    • Jing Ren (2021-2024, With Prof. Yanrui Wu);
    • Devika Bhatia (2020-2023, With Dr. Ishita Chatterjee and Prof. Rick Krever);
    • Thilini Ranpati Dewage (2019-2021, with Dr. Sam Tam and Dr. Bei Li);
    • Harsha Konara Mudiyanselage (2017-2021, with Prof. Anu Rammohan);
    • Hoi Chu (2017-2021, with Prof. Peter Robertson);
    • Emiliano Carlevaro (2018-2021, with Dr. Leandro Magnusson and Dr. Simon Chang);
    • Serene Runping Zhu (2019-2020, with Prof. Rick Krever)
  • Master
    • Harsha Konara Mudiyanselage (2016-2017, with Prof. Anu Rammohan)
  • Honours:
    • Dan O'Leary (2022);
    • William Horton (2021);
    • Cathal Leslie (2017);
    • Xing Wang (2017);
    • Grace Taylor (2015-2016, with Prof. Ken Clements);
    • Alexandra Colalillo (2016, with Prof. Peter Hartley)

Previous positions

  • Lecturer, Renming University of China, 2005-2011


  • English
    Chinese (Mandarin)

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

External positions

Research Fellow, Australian National University

Research Fellow, Renmin University of China

Research Fellow, Tsinghua University


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