Jane Pillow

Professor, BMedSci MB BS Qld, PhD W.Aust., FRACP

  • The University of Western Australia (M309), 35 Stirling Highway,

    6009 Perth


  • 3616 Citations
  • 32 h-Index
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Personal profile


Professor Jane Pillow is a clinical academic neonatologist at the University of Western Australia. She pursued undergraduate medical studies at the University of Queensland. A one-year interruption to her medical education to undertake research at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne as part of a Bachelor of Medical Science underpinned a life-long enthusiasm for medical research. After internship in Townsville, she moved to Victoria to undertake Paediatric Training, subsequently specialising further in Neonatology. She subsequently pursued PhD studies at the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research in Perth (1997-2000), and undertook a postdoctoral fellowship at The Institute of Child Health in London (2001-3) before returning to Perth in 2004.
Professor Pillow is acknowledged internationally as an expert in the area of neonatal respiratory physiology and mechanical ventilation. She has obtained over $13 million AUD in research funding, including 8 NHMRC project grants since 2007 (5 as CIA), 1 NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence (CIA/Co-Director) and 4 grants from the NIH (3 as Australian CI).

Roles and responsibilities

Professor Pillow is Co-Director of the UWA Centre for Neonatal Research and Education. She is also CIA and Co-Director on a recently announced NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence for Improving the Immediate and Longer-Term Outcomes of Preterm Infants. Prof Pillow is an experienced NHMRC project grants and fellowship applications reviewer (since 1999), previously serving on NHMRC grant review panels. She is a current member of the NHMRC Assigners Academy (2013-16), and has ongoing peer review responsiblities to local and international grant funding and scientific publication bodies. In addition to her academic responsibilities, Prof Pillow is a Consultant Neonatologist in the Women’s and Newborn’s Health Service.
Additionally, Prof Pillow has extensive commitments to undergraduate, postgraduate and clinical education through involvement in University course delivery and small group theoretical and practical workshops throughout Australia, Asia and Europe.

Future research

Future research will continue to have a major focus on treatments that improve respiratory outcomes in preterm infants. However, Prof Pillow's research is increasingly developing along more integrative pathways, as treatments that focus on improved immediate and longer term outcomes across multiple body systems are pursued.

Additionally, Prof Pillow is focused on leading and developing transdisciplinary research, within and beyond current research focus areas.

Funding overview

OVer $13M Career Funding

Current NHMRC Funding includes:

Lung, Heart and Respiratory Muscle Disease After Preterm Birth
Pillow JJ, Hall GL, Hantos Z, Wilson A, Gill AW, Doherty D:

Improving the Immediate and Longer Term Outcomes of Preterm Infants (CRE) Pillow JJ, Simmer K, Patole S, Strunk T, Moss TJM, Burgner D, Whitehouse A, Prescott S, Tingay D, Gill AW

APP1057759 Separating the adverse neurodevelopmental consequences of mechanical ventilation and postnatal steroids in preterm lambs
Pillow JJ, Blache D, Albertine KH, Noble PB, Gill AW, Black MJ, Rubenson J

Human amnion epithelial cell therapy for bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Moss TJM, Lim R, Polglase GR & Pillow JJ

NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship
Pillow JJ

Ontogeny of the airway smooth muscle layer in health and disease
Noble PB, Pillow JJ, James A, Elliot J

Other Significant Funding:

NIHLBI R01 HL111745
Endogenous surfactant therapy for the preterm lung Suki B, Bartolak-Suki E, Pillow JJ

Telethon Perth Children’s Hospital Research Fund The Circa Diem Trial: Reintroducing circadian cues to decrease length of stay, improve growth and metabolic outcomes in preterm neonates
Mark PM, Pillow JJ, Maloney S, Waddel B

Previous positions

PSANZ National Executive

Current projects

Steroidal and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Treatments to Improve Preterm Outcomes

Restoring Circadian Rhythm to Improve Neurodevelopment and Reduce Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Later Life

Biozone - Transdisciplinary Biomedical/Biological Research and Training at UWA

Industrial relevance

Prof Pillow works closely with a number of medical device companies to improve equipment and strategies used in the delivery of respiratory care to newborn infants.

Teaching overview

Respiratory physiology
Mechanical ventilation
Scientific writing
Writing in Large Documents
Biostatistics (Honours Level)


Professor Pillow’s research interests evolve from her determination to improve the respiratory outcomes of preterm infants through development and enhanced understanding of novel approaches to mechanical ventilation and postnatal care. She is Director of the Preclinical Intensive Care Research Unit (PICRU) – a unique (inter)national facility for extended duration care of preterm lambs as a model of lung disease associated with preterm birth. PICRU studies evaluate the long-term systemic outcomes associated with controversial or promising new neonatal therapies. Prof Pillow’s clinical research includes clinical trials of novel respiratory treatments such as nebulised surfactant, as well as restoration of circadian rhythm to premature infants. She runs a neonatal lung function laboratory and is involved in lung function follow-up functional studies of children born prematurely at King Edward Memorial Hospital. A major focus of clinical research is the recently funded NHMRC PIFCO (Preterm Infant Functional and Clinical Outcomes) which is recruit ing and obtaining comprehensive cardiorespiratory, immunological, nutritional and metabolic outcomes on 500 preterm infants.




  • Neonatal respiratory physiology
  • Infant lung function
  • High-frequency ventilation
  • Conventional ventilation
  • Non-invasive ventilation
  • Ventilation induced lung injury
  • Neonatal diaphragm dysfunction
  • Preterm lamb translational research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Jane Pillow is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • 28 Similar Profiles
Lung Medicine & Life Sciences
Ventilation Medicine & Life Sciences
High-Frequency Ventilation Medicine & Life Sciences
Lipopolysaccharides Medicine & Life Sciences
Diaphragm Medicine & Life Sciences
Premature Infants Medicine & Life Sciences
Mechanics Medicine & Life Sciences
Pressure Medicine & Life Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2001 2019

6 Citations (Scopus)

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Pathophysiology and potential anti-inflammatory therapies

Papagianis, P. C., Pillow, J. J. & Moss, T. J., Apr 2019, In : Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. 30, p. 34-41

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
14 Citations (Scopus)

Nebulised surfactant to reduce severity of respiratory distress: A blinded, parallel, randomised controlled trial

Minocchieri, S., Berry, C. A. & Pillow, J. J., May 2019, In : Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 104, 3, p. F313-F319 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Surface-Active Agents
Randomized Controlled Trials
Gestational Age
5 Citations (Scopus)

Physiology and predictors of impaired gas exchange in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Svedenkrans, J., Stoecklin, B., Gareth Jones, J., Doherty, D. A. & Jane Pillow, J., 15 Aug 2019, In : American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 200, 4, p. 471-480 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Regional distribution of chest wall displacements in infants during high-frequency ventilation

Zannin, E., Ventura, M. L., Dognini, G., Veneroni, C., Pillow, J. J., Tagliabue, P. E. & Dellacà, R. L., 1 Apr 2019, In : Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985). 126, 4, p. 928-933 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

High-Frequency Ventilation
Thoracic Wall
Carbon Dioxide

The hypoxic ventilatory response is blunted at 12-15 months corrected age in babies born very preterm

Simpson, S., Hemy, N., Wilson, A., Pillow, J. & Hall, G., 28 Sep 2019, In : European Respiratory Journal. 54, 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract/Meeting Abstract

Projects 2006 2022