• The University of Western Australia (M316), 35 Stirling Highway, Room 4.03, Bayliss Building, Perth campus

    6009 Perth


  • 19483 Citations
  • 75 h-Index
1993 …2022
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Personal profile


I am the Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology.

I did my BSc (Hons) and PhD (1997) in plant biochemistry and molecular biology at the Australian National University in Canberra. I have previously held fellowships at The University of Oxford (HFSPO) and at UWA (ARC APD 2000-2002, ARC QEII 2002-2007, ARC APF 2008-2011, ARC Future Fellow 2012-2015).

I serve on the Editorial Board of The Plant Cell, The Biochemical Journal, The Arabidopsis Book, Journal of Proteomics, and BMC Plant Methods.

LinkedIn, Twitter me, Twitter PEB, Facebook PEB

Google Scholar, Scopus, ResearcherID, ORCiD

Current projects

- Targeted Proteomics in Arabidopsis, Wheat and Barley
- Measurement of protein turnover and protein aging in plants 
- Protein complex assembly in plants
- Oxidative stress and mitochondrial function in plants
- Biogenesis of mitochondria during plant development

Research interests

Online Resources

I conduct research on the energy efficiency of plants in harsh environments in the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology

My team has developed online databases for:

The content and expression of proteins in wheat (wheat proteome)

The subcellular location of proteins in Arabidopsis (SUBA)

The subcellular location of proteins in plant crop species (CropPAL)

Funding overview

My research is funded by the Australian Research Council through the Discovery, Linkage and Centre's Programmes and by Industry funding from GRDC and Agilent Technologies.


Mitochondrial function in plants

My research focuses on mitochondrial function in plants and the role of metabolism is the energy efficiency of plants. My team's work has provided key new insights into antioxidant defence pathways in mitochondrial, diurnal rhythms in mitochondrial metabolism, tissue-specific mitochondrial functions, plant-specific features of the electron transport chain, regulatory networks governing respiratory activity in plants, and the mechanisms of mitochondria damage during oxidative stress.

Plant Proteomics

My group is also working on advances in plant proteome analysis to allow measurements of protein turnover rates and targeted quantitation of enzymes in metabolic pathways in both model plants and crops. In international collaborations using novel dataset and software developments, we have been involved in building plant proteome databases, protein location prediction and protein-protein interaction prediction in plants.

Techniques and Expertise

- Organelle isolation from plants
- Protein subcellular location in plants
- Proteome analysis by peptide mass spectrometry
- Stable isotope labelling of plant components
- Protein purification: gel filtration, ion exchange, electrophoresis
- Enzymology of proteins and antioxidant defence systems
- Respiration measurements: whole tissues, organelles, in liquid and gas phase
- Metabolomics by GC-MS
- Bioenergetics of electron transport chains

Teaching overview

Undergraduate Teaching:
BIOC3003 Omics—Global Approaches to Cell Function


  • Biochemistry plant mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress and antioxidant defence
  • Protein mass spectrometry
  • Respiration
  • Metabolism
  • Electron transport chain
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Plant proteomics
  • Proteome analysis
  • Protein turnover
  • Energy use efficiency

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Harvey Millar is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • 18 Similar Profiles
Arabidopsis Medicine & Life Sciences
Mitochondria Medicine & Life Sciences
Proteins Medicine & Life Sciences
mitochondria Agriculture & Biology
Proteome Medicine & Life Sciences
Mitochondrial Proteins Medicine & Life Sciences
proteins Agriculture & Biology
proteome Agriculture & Biology

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1993 2020

7 Citations (Scopus)

Wheat mitochondrial respiration shifts from the tricarboxylic acid cycle to the GABA shunt under salt stress

Che-Othman, M. H., Jacoby, R. P., Millar, A. H. & Taylor, N. L., Feb 2020, In : The New Phytologist. 225, 3, p. 1166-1180 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Citric Acid Cycle
tricarboxylic acid cycle
gamma-aminobutyric acid
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid

A MYC2/MYC3/MYC4-dependent transcription factor network regulates water spray-responsive gene expression and jasmonate levels

Van Moerkercke, A., Duncan, O., Zander, M., Šimura, J., Broda, M., Vanden Bossche, R., Lewsey, M. G., Lama, S., Singh, K. B., Ljung, K., Ecker, J. R., Goossens, A., Millar, A. H. & Van Aken, O., 12 Nov 2019, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 46, p. 23345-23356 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Transcription Factors
Gene Expression
2 Citations (Scopus)

Cold sensitivity of mitochondrial ATP synthase restricts oxidative phosphorylation in Arabidopsis thaliana

Kerbler, S. M., Taylor, N. L. & Millar, A. H., 1 Mar 2019, In : New Phytologist. 221, 4, p. 1776-1788 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mitochondrial Proton-Translocating ATPases
H-transporting ATP synthase
oxidative phosphorylation
Oxidative Phosphorylation
6 Citations (Scopus)

Core principles which explain variation in respiration across biological scales

O'Leary, B. M., Asao, S., Harvey Millar, A. & Atkin, O. K., Apr 2019, In : New Phytologist. 222, 2, p. 670-686 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Open Access
respiratory rate
Respiratory Rate
plant ecology
4 Citations (Scopus)

Engineering strategies to boost crop productivity by cutting respiratory carbon loss

Amthor, J. S., Bar-Even, A., Hanson, A. D., Millar, A. H., Stitt, M., Sweetlove, L. J. & Tyerman, S. D., Feb 2019, In : The Plant Cell. 31, 2, p. 297-314 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Substrate Cycling


The compendium of crop Proteins with Annotated Locations (cropPAL) version 2

Hooper, C. (Creator), Millar, H. (Creator), Castleden, I. (Creator), The University of Western Australia, 1 Jun 2017



The compendium of crop Proteins with Annotated Locations (cropPAL) version 1

Hooper, C. (Creator), Castleden, I. (Creator), Aryamanesh, N. (Creator), Jacoby, R. (Creator), Millar, H. (Creator), The University of Western Australia, 2 Jun 2015



UWA/DPIRD Frost Nursery Trial 2018

Leske, B. (Creator), The University of Western Australia, 29 May 2019


Data from: Protein degradation rate in Arabidopsis thaliana leaf growth and development

Li, L. (Creator), Nelson, C. J. (Creator), Trosch, J. (Creator), Castleden, I. R. (Creator), Huang, S. (Creator), Millar, H. (Creator), Dryad Digital Repository, 31 Jan 2017


Projects 2000 2022


honors and awards

Fenner Medal

Harvey Millar (Recipient), 2012


honors and awards