• The University of Western Australia (M316), 35 Stirling Highway, Room 4.03, Bayliss Building, Perth campus

    6009 Perth


  • 20433 Citations
  • 78 h-Index
1993 …2020

Research output per year

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Personal profile


I am the Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology.

I did my BSc (Hons) and PhD (1997) in plant biochemistry and molecular biology at the Australian National University in Canberra. I have previously held fellowships at The University of Oxford (HFSPO) and at UWA (ARC APD 2000-2002, ARC QEII 2002-2007, ARC APF 2008-2011, ARC Future Fellow 2012-2015).

I serve on the Editorial Board of The Plant Cell, The Biochemical Journal, The Arabidopsis Book, Journal of Proteomics, and BMC Plant Methods.

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Current projects

- Targeted Proteomics in Arabidopsis, Wheat and Barley
- Measurement of protein turnover and protein aging in plants 
- Protein complex assembly in plants
- Oxidative stress and mitochondrial function in plants
- Biogenesis of mitochondria during plant development

Research interests

Online Resources

I conduct research on the energy efficiency of plants in harsh environments in the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology

My team has developed online databases for:

The content and expression of proteins in wheat (wheat proteome)

The subcellular location of proteins in Arabidopsis (SUBA)

The subcellular location of proteins in plant crop species (CropPAL)

Funding overview

My research is funded by the Australian Research Council through the Discovery, Linkage and Centre's Programmes and by Industry funding from GRDC and Agilent Technologies.


Mitochondrial function in plants

My research focuses on mitochondrial function in plants and the role of metabolism is the energy efficiency of plants. My team's work has provided key new insights into antioxidant defence pathways in mitochondrial, diurnal rhythms in mitochondrial metabolism, tissue-specific mitochondrial functions, plant-specific features of the electron transport chain, regulatory networks governing respiratory activity in plants, and the mechanisms of mitochondria damage during oxidative stress.

Plant Proteomics

My group is also working on advances in plant proteome analysis to allow measurements of protein turnover rates and targeted quantitation of enzymes in metabolic pathways in both model plants and crops. In international collaborations using novel dataset and software developments, we have been involved in building plant proteome databases, protein location prediction and protein-protein interaction prediction in plants.

Techniques and Expertise

- Organelle isolation from plants
- Protein subcellular location in plants
- Proteome analysis by peptide mass spectrometry
- Stable isotope labelling of plant components
- Protein purification: gel filtration, ion exchange, electrophoresis
- Enzymology of proteins and antioxidant defence systems
- Respiration measurements: whole tissues, organelles, in liquid and gas phase
- Metabolomics by GC-MS
- Bioenergetics of electron transport chains

Teaching overview

Undergraduate Teaching:
BIOC3003 Omics—Global Approaches to Cell Function

Research expertise keywords

  • Biochemistry plant mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress and antioxidant defence
  • Protein mass spectrometry
  • Respiration
  • Metabolism
  • Electron transport chain
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Plant proteomics
  • Proteome analysis
  • Protein turnover
  • Energy use efficiency

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Research Output

Bioinformatic and experimental evidence for suicidal and catalytic plant THI4s

Joshi, J., Beaudoin, G. A. W., Patterson, J. A., García-García, J. D., Belisle, C. E., Chang, L-Y., Li, L., Duncan, O., Millar, A. H. & Hanson, A. D., 22 May 2020, In : The Biochemical journal.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Effect of N supply on the carbon economy of barley when accounting for plant size

    Alves Negrini, A. C., Evans, J. R., Kaiser, B. N., Millar, A. H., Kariyawasam, B. C. & Atkin, O. K., Mar 2020, In : Functional Plant Biology. 47, 4, p. 368-381 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Enzymes as Parts in Need of Replacement - and How to Extend Their Working Life

    Tivendale, N. D., Hanson, A. D., Henry, C. S., Hegeman, A. D. & Millar, A. H., Jul 2020, In : Trends in Plant Science. 25, 7, p. 661-669 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • Impact of oxidative stress on the function, abundance, and turnover of the Arabidopsis 80S cytosolic ribosome

    Salih, K. J., Duncan, O., Li, L., O'Leary, B., Fenske, R., Trösch, J. & Millar, A. H., 6 Feb 2020, In : The Plant Journal.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Leaf trait variation is similar among genotypes of Eucalyptus camaldulensis from differing climates and arises in plastic responses to the seasons rather than water availability

    Asao, S., Hayes, L., Aspinwall, M. J., Rymer, P. D., Blackman, C., Bryant, C. J., Cullerne, D., Egerton, J. J. G., Fan, Y., Innes, P., Millar, A. H., Tucker, J., Shah, S., Wright, I. J., Yvon-Durocher, G., Tissue, D. & Atkin, O. K., 7 Apr 2020, In : The New Phytologist.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Datasets

    The compendium of crop Proteins with Annotated Locations (cropPAL) version 1

    Hooper, C. (Creator), Castleden, I. (Creator), Aryamanesh, N. (Creator), Jacoby, R. (Creator), Millar, H. (Creator), The University of Western Australia, 2 Jun 2015



    The compendium of crop Proteins with Annotated Locations (cropPAL) version 2

    Hooper, C. (Creator), Millar, H. (Creator), Castleden, I. (Creator), The University of Western Australia, 1 Jun 2017



    UWA/DPIRD Frost Nursery Trial 2018

    Leske, B. (Creator), The University of Western Australia, 29 May 2019


    Data from: Protein degradation rate in Arabidopsis thaliana leaf growth and development

    Li, L. (Creator), Nelson, C. J. (Creator), Trosch, J. (Creator), Castleden, I. R. (Creator), Huang, S. (Creator), Millar, H. (Creator), Dryad Digital Repository, 31 Jan 2017




  • Fenner Medal

    Harvey Millar (Recipient), 2012