• The University of Western Australia (M309), 35 Stirling Highway,

    6009 Perth


  • 966 Citations
  • 20 h-Index
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Personal profile


I completed my PhD degree in biological anthropology in 2009 at the University of Zurich/Switzerland, which was supervised by Prof. Carel van Schaik. My research was aimed at understanding the evolutionary determinants of multilevel societies in primates and included 20 months of observations on wild snub-nosed monkeys in China, complemented with comparative cross-species analyses. Subsequently I worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig/Germany and conducted a field study on the feeding ecology and feeding competition in mountain gorillas in Rwanda between 2009 and 2010 in collaboration with the Karisoke Research Center.

Funding overview

Swiss National Science Foundation Fellowship (2009)
National Science Foundation of China Research Fund for International Young Scientists (2011)
UWA Research Collaboration Award (2016)

Current projects

Social network of multilevel societies in golden snub-nosed monkeys

Evolution of meta-group social organization in primates/humans

Causes and consequences on intergroup conflict in mountain gorillas

Determinants of super-group formation in colobus monkeys in Rwanda

Behavioral ecology of a montane population of chimpanzees in Nyungwe National Park (Rwanda)

Teaching overview

ANHB 1101 Human Biology - Becoming Human (Lecturer)
ANHB 3315 Human Evolutionary Ecology (Lecturer)
ANHB 3322 Human/Primate Social Organisation (Coordinator, lecturer, tutor)
ANHB 3320 Human Biology: Applications & Investigations II


My primary research interests lie at the interface of behavioral ecology and evolutionary anthropology and include the evolution of primate/human sociality and the mechanisms underlying social cohesion. My particular interests revolve around the evolution of meta-group social organization which describes cases in which individuals of different social units interact and collaborate to varying degrees. I am currently involved in ongoing field research projects on snub-nosed monkeys in China as well as mountain gorillas and colobus monkeys in Rwanda.


  • Primatology
  • Biological anthropology
  • Behavioural ecology
  • Socioecology
  • Social behaviour
  • Social organisation
  • Comparative analyses

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  • 5 Similar Profiles
Gorilla gorilla Medicine & Life Sciences
Gorilla Agriculture & Biology
primate Earth & Environmental Sciences
Primates Agriculture & Biology
Rwanda Agriculture & Biology
mountains Agriculture & Biology
China Agriculture & Biology
mountain Earth & Environmental Sciences

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Research Output 2008 2019

Abundance and spatial distribution of the main food species for mountain gorillas in the Virunga Massif, Rwanda

Akayezu, P., van Duren, I. C., Groen, T. A., Grueter, C. C. & Robbins, M. M., 30 Aug 2019, In : Biodiversity and Conservation. p. 1-24

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

spatial distribution

Chimpanzee feeding ecology and fallback food use in the montane forest of Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda

Matthews, J. K., Ridley, A., Niyigaba, P., Kaplin, B. A. & Grueter, C. C., 1 Apr 2019, In : American Journal of Primatology. 81, 4, e22971.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

feeding ecology
montane forest
montane forests
Pan troglodytes
3 Citations (Scopus)

Climate change, grazing, and collecting accelerate habitat contraction in an endangered primate

Zhao, X., Ren, B., Li, D., Garber, P. A., Zhu, P., Xiang, Z., Grueter, C. C., Liu, Z. & Li, M., Mar 2019, In : Biological Conservation. 231, p. 88-97 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dietary diversity of an ecological and macronutritional generalist primate in a harsh high-latitude habitat, the Taihangshan macaque (Macaca mulatta tcheliensis)

Cui, Z., Shao, Q., Grueter, C. C., Wang, Z., Lu, J. & Raubenheimer, D., 1 Apr 2019, In : American Journal of Primatology. 81, 4, e22965.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Macaca mulatta

Individuality in coo calls of adult male golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in a multilevel society

Fan, P., Liu, R., Grueter, C. C., Li, F., Wu, F., Huang, T., Yao, H., Liu, D. & Liu, X., 16 Jan 2019, In : Animal Cognition. 22, 1, p. 71-79 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
visual cue

Projects 2016 2019

Press / Media

In primates, evolution is a ball game

Cyril Grueter


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

New research warns of primate extinction in China

Cyril Grueter


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

Which Perth suburbs passed the kindness test?

Cyril Grueter


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media