Cristina Estima Ramalho

Ms, Hons(Bio) Lisbon , MSc(GIS) LisbonTech , PhD W.Aust .

  • The University of Western Australia (M090), 35 Stirling Highway, Room G18, Botany Building, Perth campus

    6009 Crawley


  • 212 Citations
  • 4 h-Index
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Personal profile


I am a postdoctoral research fellow with the Clean Air and Urban Landscapes Hub, which is funded by the Australian National Environmental Science Programme (NESP). My research interests range across urban ecology, spatial ecology, and landscape ecology. I have a keen interest in the conceptual development that leads to better approaches to understand and intervene in urban environments to increase their biodiversity conservation capacity and liveability for people. I am also interested in using spatial approaches to gain insight and unpack complex ecological-social research questions.

Before starting this postdoc position in January 2016, I worked for three years at the Western Australian Department of Parks and Wildlife. The common denominator to the several projects I worked on was the use of spatial analysis and modelling tools to address specific ecological questions. Projects included spatial conservation prioritization, analysis of habitat fragmentation in the Perth Metropolitan Area, use of species distribution models to understand potential impacts of future climate change and to support phylogeographic inferences, development of topo-climatic spatial surfaces using ibutton technology, population viability analysis, and citizen science.

I finished my PhD in 2012, on the topic of the effects of urbanization on remnant Banksia woodland plant communities. Prior to coming to Australia, I worked in a Portuguese environmental consultancy company as a botanist and GIS ecologist (2004-2007), and at the Technical University of Lisbon as a research fellow in a project using geostatistical modelling to map the atmospheric deposition of heavy metals using lichens and mosses as bio-monitors (2003-2004).

Teaching overview

I am an invited lecturer to the unit LACH 4423 - Ecological Systems (Masters in Landscape Architecture).

I welcome PhD and MSc students that would like to develop a project in topics related with my research and that are able to apply and obtain their own scholarship. I work in a multi-disciplinary team and welcome students from different fields, including ecology, urban design, landscape architecture, and social sciences.


Development of conceptual approaches and tools that support the description, assessment and enhancement of urban green spaces
Ecological design, spatial planning and ecosystem management strategies that enhance the biodiversity conservation capacity and liveability of urban environments:
Designing interventions, novel and traditional, that support the persistence of threatened species in urban landscapes
Bringing nature back in the city - development of a conceptual tool that supports the reintroduction of species back in the urban landscape, having into consideration ecological viability and social acceptability factors
Development of an ecological functional connectivity plan for the city of Melbourne
Understanding the effects of fragmentation on remnant plant communities
Conservation planning in the SWA global biodiversity hotspot, namely in a climate change adaptation perspective
Citizen science


English (proficient)
Portuguese (mother language)
Spanish (very good)
French (some)

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Research Output 2008 2017

  • 212 Citations
  • 4 h-Index
  • 4 Article
  • 1 Other chapter contribution
  • 1 Letter
  • 1 Doctoral Thesis
Open Access
ecological restoration
decision making
climate change
10 Citations
South Australia
Western Australia

Novel Urban Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services

Perring, M., Manning, P., Hobbs, R., Lugo, A. E., Ramalho, C. E. & Standish, R. 2013 Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order. Hobbs, R. J., Higgs, E. S. & Hall, C. M. (eds.). 1 ed. United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, p. 310 - 325

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

Effects of urbanization on remnant woodlands

Estima Ramalho, C. S. 2012 (Unpublished)

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

plant community
landscape change