Charles Oxnard

Emeritus Professor, BSc MB ChB PhD DSc Birm., FCAS, FNYAS, FAAAS, FSCAS

  • The University of Western Australia (M309), 35 Stirling Highway,

    6009 Perth


  • 1385 Citations
  • 21 h-Index
1992 …2018

Research output per year

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Personal profile


Degrees from Birmingham University, UK,: ’55, BSc (Ist Class Honours), ’58, MB, ChB, (Richard’s Memorial Prize), ’62, PhD, (Highly Commended) and ’76, DSc, (Official). Appointments included: U. Birmingham, ’62-‘66, Professorship, University of Chicago (’66-’78), University Professorship (1 of only 5), University of Southern California (’78-’87), and Established Chair and Head, Anatomy and Human Biology, University of Western Australia (’78-’87). Retired for 17 years as Emeritus Professor but also holding appointments as Senior Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, and Adjunct Professor in the Forensic Science Centre

Roles and responsibilities

Research, Paper and Book writing, Grant holding, Research student supervising, Mentoring of colleagues

Future research

Still active in all areas above

Funding overview

£1.0 million research funding during 5 years in the UK; US$4 million during 24 years in the USA; A$2.7 million during 10 years in Australia (‘87 to ’97).
In 15 years of retirement, A$2.4 million in joint Australian grants and £2.7 million in joint UK Grants.
Currently 2 ARC Discovery grants, A$410,000 (with Franklin et al) and A$237,000 (with Judge et al) running to ’13 and ‘14. Regular MHRIF funding including 2004.

Previous positions

Lecturer/Senior Lecturer, Anatomy, U. of Birmingham,UK 1962-1966; Professor Anatomy, Anthropology and Evolutionary Biology, U. of Chicago, 1966-1978; University Professor (1 of only 5), Research Professor of Biology and Anatomy, and Professor of Anatomy, U. of Southern California, 1978-1987; Established Professor of Anatomy and Human Biology, U. Western Australia 1987-1997.
Post retirement appointments
Emeritus Professor, U. Western Australia, 1998-death.
Senior Honorary Research Fellow, U. Western Australia, 1998-2014 (Renewable).
Adjunct Professor of Forensic Science, 2007-2014 (Renewable).

Industrial relevance


Teaching overview

Teaching in anatomy, anthropology and evolution has always included both science and medical students. Main thrust: scientific underpinnings of human structure. Also directed Undergraduate Research and MD/PhD Programmes, Chicago, and MD/PhD, Engineers in Medicine, and Medical Student Research Programmes, LA.
Current teaching - occasional invited lectures in Medical Anatomy and Human Biology as requested.


Researches from 1952 starting with anatomical dissection and bone measurement. Developed through multivariate statistical analyses, geometric morphometrics, engineering modelling including photoelastic, finite element and Fast Lagrangian Analyses, and texture analysis with optical and computational Fourier transforms. This work on bones then extended to mathematical analyses of soft tissue structures, muscle and brain, and of non-anatomical features such as animal movements, lifestyles, diets and environments. Further studies included mathematical mimicry of individual lineages and species trees, and clinical problems: vitamin B12 deficiency, osteoporosis, ear ossicle function and disease, iodine deficiency, cretinism, and the Flores skeleton. Recently moved into forensic studies of bone.



Research expertise keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Biological anthropology
  • Biomechanics
  • Bone morphometrics
  • Evolution and biological anthropology
  • Forensic science
  • Functional anatomy
  • Human biology
  • Human evolution
  • Medical anatomy
  • Morphometrics
  • Osteoporosis
  • Primate morphology and evolution
  • Primates

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Research Output

The primate extinction crisis in China: immediate challenges and a way forward

Li, B., Li, M., Li, J., Fan, P., Ni, Q., Lu, J., Zhou, X., Long, Y., Jiang, Z., Zhang, P., Huang, Z., Huang, C., Jiang, X., Pan, R., Gouveia, S., Dobrovolski, R., Grueter, C. C., Oxnard, C., Groves, C., Estrada, A. & 1 others, Garber, P. A., 1 Nov 2018, In : Biodiversity and Conservation. 27, 13, p. 3301-3327 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 17 Citations (Scopus)

    A new conservation strategy for China—A model starting with primates

    Pan, R., Oxnard, C., Grueter, C. C., Li, B., Qi, X., He, G., Guo, S. & Garber, P. A., 1 Nov 2016, In : American Journal of Primatology. 78, 11, p. 1137-1148 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

  • 9 Citations (Scopus)

    The foot's Arch and the Energetics of Human Locomotion

    Stearne, S. M., McDonald, K. A., Alderson, J. A., North, I., Oxnard, C. E. & Rubenson, J., 2016, In : Scientific Reports. 6, p. 1-10 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 41 Citations (Scopus)

    The Scientific Bases of Human Anatomy

    Oxnard, C., 2015, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

    47 Citations (Scopus)