Data from : Towards the first detection of strongly lensed H I emission

  • Tariq Blecher (Creator)
  • Roger Deane (Creator)
  • Ian Heywood (Creator)
  • Danail Obreschkow (Creator)



We report interferometric observations tuned to the redshifted neutral hydrogen (H I ) 21cm emission line in three strongly lensed galaxies at z ∼ 0.4 with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope. One galaxy spectrum (J1106+5228 at z = 0.407) shows evidence of a marginal detection with an integrated signal-to-noise ratio of 3.8, which, if confirmed by follow-up observations, would represent the first strongly lensed and most distant individual galaxy detected in H I emission. Two steps are performed to transcribe the lensed integrated flux measurements into H I mass measurements for all three target galaxies. First, we calculate the H I magnification factor μ by applying general relativistic ray tracing to a physical model of the source-lens system. The H I magnification generally differs from the optical magnification and depends largely on the intrinsic H I mass MH I due to the H I mass-size relation. Secondly, we employ a Bayesian formalism to convert the integrated flux, amplified by the MHI-dependent magnification factor μ, into a probability density for MH I, accounting for the asymmetric uncertainty due to the declining H I mass function (Eddington bias). In this way, we determine a value of log _10 (M_{H I}/M_⊙) = 10.2^{+0.3}_{-0.7} for J1106+5228, consistent with the estimate of 9.4 ± 0.3 from the optical properties of this galaxy. The H I mass of the other two sources are consistent with zero within a 95 per cent confidence interval however we still provide upper limits for both sources and a 1σ lower limit for J1250-0135 using the same formalism.
Date made availableApr 2019
PublisherSAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)


  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • techniques: interferometric
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • radio lines: galaxies
  • Astrophysics
  • Astrophysics of Galaxies

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