Data from: Population density mediates the interaction between pre- and post-mating sexual selection



When females mate with more than one male, sexual selection acts both before and after mating. The interaction between pre- and post-mating episodes of selection is expected to be context dependent, but few studies have investigated how total sexual selection changes under different ecological conditions. We examined how population density mediates the interaction between pre- and post-mating sexual selection by establishing replicate populations of the horned dung beetle Onthophagus taurus at low, medium, and high densities, and using microsatellite-based parentage analyses to measure male fitness. We found that mating success and fertilization success were positively correlated at all three densities, but the strength of the correlation decreased with increasing density. We also found a shift from negative to positive linear selection on testes mass as density increased, and opposing selection on weapons and testes at high densities. These patterns suggest that the importance of post-mating processes increases with increasing population density, which reduces the selective advantage of weapons for pre-mating contest competition, and increases the selective advantage of large ejaculates for post-mating sperm competition. We expect that density-dependent selection on testes mass has contributed to the phenotypic variation observed between natural populations of O. taurus that differ in density.,Male fitness and phenotype dataFitness and phenotype data for all males included in our experimental populationsMale and female Bateman gradientsComplete data on the number of offspring and number of mates for males and females in our experimental populationsBateman_gradients_both_sexes.xlsxOnthophagus taurus P2 dataDistribution of P2 values for O. taurus males using the irradiated male techniqueVariance partitioning estimatesPopTools simulation for calculating the 95% confidence intervals for the variance partitioning estimates of each fitness componentVariance_partitioning_all_3_densities_M,B,F.xlsxEstimating spurious correlationPopTools simulation for estimating the spurious correlation between mating success and fertilization successEstimating_spurious_correlation_coefficient_all_3_densities.xlsx,
Date made available13 Feb 2018
PublisherDryad Digital Repository

Cite this