Data from: Investigating the genetic architecture of conditional strategies using the environmental threshold model

Dataset

Description

The threshold expression of dichotomous phenotypes that are environmentally cued or induced comprise the vast majority of phenotypic dimorphisms in color, morphology, behavior, and life history. Modeled as conditional strategies under the framework of evolutionary game theory, the quantitative genetic basis of these traits is a challenge to estimate. The challenge exists firstly because the phenotypic expression of the trait is dichotomous and secondly because the apparent environmental cue is separate from the biological signal pathway that induces the switch between phenotypes. It is the cryptic variation underlying the translation of cue to phenotype that we address here. With a ‘half-sib common environment’ and a ‘family level split environment’ experiment, we examine the environmental and genetic influences that underlie male dimorphism in the earwig Forficula auricularia. From the conceptual framework of the Latent Environmental Threshold (LET) model, we use pedigree information to dissect the genetic architecture of the threshold expression of forceps length. We investigate for the first time the strength of the correlation between observable and cryptic ‘proximate’ cues. Furthermore, in support of the environmental threshold model, we found no evidence for a genetic correlation between cue and the threshold between phenotypes. Our results show strong correlations between observable and proximate cues and less genetic variation for thresholds than previous studies have suggested. We discuss the importance of generating better estimates of the genetic variation for thresholds when investigating the genetic architecture and heritability of threshold traits. By investigating genetic architecture by means of the LET model, our study supports several key evolutionary ideas related to conditional strategies and improves our understanding of environmentally cued decisions.,Earwigs data for Buzatto et al 2015 - Proc BTwo data sets with measurements and male morph information for the male dimorphic earwig Forficula auricularia. Both data sets have pedigree information, one of them (ISLANDS) with information from a half-sib common environment experiment with earwigs from three different islands; and the other one with information from a family level split environment (different diets) experiment (EXPERIMENTS) with earwigs from two different islands. All islands from the the Farne Islands group in Northumberland, UK.EARWIGS.zip,
Date made available2 Dec 2015
PublisherDryad Digital Repository

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