New forms of public open space in the city of Jeddah: urban design scenarios for increasing the provision of POS to enhance the urban health of a rapidly growing Saudi Arabian metropolis

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[Truncated] With a population of 3.4 million, Jeddah is Saudi Arabia's second largest city. According to the latest World Health Organization statistics, 36.5% of Saudi Arabians are obese and around 31% of the population suffers from hypertension. This is particularly so in the car-dominated city of Jeddah. Currently, the amount of Public Open Space (POS) provided in Jeddah is less than 2m2 per person in the entire city and less than 1m2 per person in more than half of Jeddah's planned residential districts. This provision is less than the World Health Organization's recommendation of 9m2 per person. The lack of official POS in the city has led to the use of many inappropriate and hazard forms of open space such as: large traffic islands, vacant blocks, local streets, the undercrofts of Jeddah's bypasses, and major roadsides.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
StateUnpublished - 2014


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